Table 2

Basic sociodemographic characteristics of the study sample by country

VariablesBurkina Faso (n=3743)Ghana (n=1338)Malawi (n=3113)Senegal (n=1665)Uganda (n=1559)
Age, mean (SD)29.09 (7.1)30.34 (6.63)28.1 (6.86)28.93 (9.21)28.78 (7.08)
Region
 Urban30.946.413.242.918.8
 Rural69.153.686.857.181.2
Education
 Nil75.724.912.362.216.3
 Primary15.418.567.925.858.9
 Secondary/Higher8.856.619.812.124.8
Wealth index
 Poorest13.723.217.323.523.9
 Poorer17.116.619.724.618.9
 Middle20.821.422.320.216.5
 Richer24.419.721.718.217.0
 Richest24.119.119.013.523.7
Parity
 <337.852.761.045.253.7
 ≥362.247.339.054.846.3
Antenatal care
 <459.96.752.827.647.7
 ≥440.193.347.272.452.3
Last pregnancy intended
 Yes89.328.646.061.045.2
 No10.771.454.039.054.8
Body mass index
 Underweight11.04.55.916.110.2
 Overweight/Obese11.341.917.621.519.4
 Normal weight77.753.776.562.470.4
  • Except for age, the numbers represent percentages.