Table 1

The characteristics of the adult population with and without CVD

CharacteristicAll adults, n (%)
(n=1 275 174)
Any CVD* and hypertension, n (%)
(n=271 684)
No CVD, n (%)
(n=1 003 490)
P values
Age mean (SD)47.5 (18.9)67.9 (13.7)41.9 (16.1)<0.001
Age median (IQR)46.0 (31.0–62.0)69.0 (59.0–78.0)40.0 (29.0–53.0)<0.001
Female651 298 (51.1)133 765 (49.2)517 533 (51.6)<0.001
Ethnicity recorded975 924 (76.5)219 732 (80.9)756 192 (75.4)
 White828 900 (65.0)198 884 (73.2)630 016 (62.8)<0.001
 Asian78 603 (6.2)9853 (3.6)68 750 (6.9)<0.001
 Black39 805 (3.1)8165 (3.0)31 640 (3.2)<0.001
 Mixed14 955 (1.2)1577 (0.6)13 378 (1.3)<0.001
 Other13 661 (1.1)1253 (0.5)12 408 (1.2)<0.001
 Not recorded299 250 (23.5)51 952 (19.1)247 298 (24.6)<0.001
IMD recorded1 271 764 (99.7)271 120 (99.8)1 000 644 (99.7)
 IMD quintile 5 (least)337 239 (26.4)75 278 (27.7)261 961 (26.1)<0.001
 IMD quintile 4277 357 (21.8)62 736 (23.1)214 621 (21.4)<0.001
 IMD quintile 3232 524 (18.2)50 534 (18.6)181 990 (18.1)<0.001
 IMD quintile 2216 466 (17.0)41 311 (15.2)175 155 (17.5)<0.001
 IMD quintile 1 (most deprived)208 178 (16.3)41 261 (15.2)166 917 (16.6)<0.001
 IMD quintile not available3410 (0.3)564 (0.2)2846 (0.3)<0.001
Smoking status recorded1 198 579 (94.0)263 970 (97.2)934 609 (93.1)
 Never514 481 (40.3)78 045 (28.7)436 436 (43.5)<0.001
 Current242 599 (19.0)38 455 (14.2)204 144 (20.3)<0.001
 Ex-smoker441 499 (34.6)147 470 (54.3)294 029 (29.3)<0.001
 Not recorded76 595 (6.0)7714 (2.8)68 881 (6.9)<0.001
Alcohol use recorded1 025 722 (80.4)258 187 (95.0)767 535 (76.5)
 None205 708 (16.1)50 670 (18.7)155 038 (15.4)<0.001
 Within limits466 063 (36.5)93 408 (34.4)372 655 (37.1)<0.001
 Excess353 951 (27.8)114 109 (42.0)239 842 (23.9)<0.001
 Not recorded249 452 (19.6)13 497 (5.0)235 955 (23.5)<0.001
BMI recorded1 100 374 (86.3)262 715 (96.7)837 659 (83.5)
 BMI mean (SD)26.5 (5.9)41.9 (6.0)25.8 (5.6)<0.001
 Underweight42 258 (3.3)3291 (1.2)38 967 (3.9)<0.001
 Normal450 616 (35.3)64 395 (23.7)386 221 (38.5)<0.001
 Overweight360 340 (28.3)99 941 (36.8)260 399 (25.9)<0.001
 Obese class 1159 638 (12.5)59 506 (21.9)100 132 (10.0)<0.001
 Obese class 257 097 (4.5)23 328 (8.6)33 769 (3.4)<0.001
 Obese class 331 018 (2.4)12 525 (4.6)18 493 (1.8)<0.001
 Not recorded174 207 (13.7)8698 (3.2)165 509 (16.5)<0.001
  • *CVD comprised any of coronary artery disease (including myocardial infarction and angina), atrial fibrillation, peripheral arterial disease, stroke and TIA and congestive cardiac failure.

  • BMI, body mass index; CVD, cardiovascular disease; IMD, Index of Multiple Deprivation; TIA, transient ischaemic attack.