Only married men  (n=1438)n casesCrudeModel I‡Model II§
HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)
Fathers (n=1 328)281 (21.2%)1 (ref)1 (ref)1 (ref)
Childless men (n=110)24 (21.8%)1.17 (0.77 to 1.77)1.20 (0,79 to 1.83)1.13 (0.74 to 1.73)
  • *Model I: adjusted for age, marital status, SEI and education (n=1 820).

  • †Model II: adjusted for age, marital status, SEI, education, BMI, alcohol (g/day), smoking and physical activity score (n=1 794).

  • ‡Model I: adjusted for age, SEI and education (n=1 346).

  • §Model II: adjusted for age, SEI, education, BMI, alcohol (g/day), smoking and physical activity score (n=1 330).

  • BMI, body mass index; SEI, socioeconomic index.