Only married men (n=1515)CrudeModel I‡Model II§
n casesOR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)OR (95% CI)
Fathers (n=1 392)317 (22.8%)1 (ref)1 (ref)1 (ref)
Childless men (n=123)42 (34.2%)1.76 (1.19 to 2.61)1.66 (1.11 to 2.49)1.62 (1.01 to 2.60)
  • *Model 1: adjusted for age, marital status, SEI and education (n=1 923).

  • †Model 2: adjusted for age, marital status, SEI, education, BMI, alcohol (g/day), smoking and physical activity score (n=1 895).

  • ‡Model I: adjusted for age, SEI and education (n=1 414).

  • §Model II: adjusted for age, SEI, education, BMI, alcohol (g/day), smoking and physical activity score (n=1 396).

  • BMI, body mass index; MetS, metabolic syndrome; SEI, socioeconomic index.