Table 1

The main characteristics of the participants in the two intervention arms and reference group

Main characteristicsBaseline12 months
Participants
n (%)
All
255 (100)
Responders
133 (52)
Non-responders
126 (48)
Number of participants per PHCC, mean (range)7.5 (2–15)4.3 (1–10)
Gender , n (%)
 Female149 (58)81 (61)68 (56)
Age, mean (range)47 (27–69)47 (27–68)47 (27–69)
Degree in family medicine , n (%)
  Specialist in family medicine184 (72)102 (77)82 (67)
  Training to be a specialist in family medicine71 (28)31 (23)40 (33)
Years worked in primary care, mean (range)14 (0–41)15 (0–37)14 (0–41)
Asthma/COPD clinic at PHCC, n (%)
  Yes114 (45)70 (53)51 (42)
Ownership of PHCC
  Stockholm County Council132 (52)71 (53)61 (50)
  Private123 (48)62 (47)61 (50)
CNI of PHCC’s location
  Mean (SD)2.17 (0.78)2.03* (0.67)2.32* (0.86)
 Range0.92–5.050.92–5.050.92–5.05
  • The CNI is based on sociodemographic factors, including percentage of older adults living alone, children under age 5, unemployed people, people with low educational status, single parents, high mobility and foreign-born people. High CNI=high sociodemographic burden; mean CNI in Stockholm County=2.49.

  • *P of the difference between responders and non-responders <0.05.

  • CNI, Care Need Index; COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; PHCC, primary healthcare centre.