Table 1

Demographic characteristics of participants by sexual minority status among Chinese adolescents (n=150 822)

VariableTotalHeterosexualSexual minorities*Unsureχ2/FP values
No (%)No (%)No (%)No (%)
Total150 822 (100.00)116 774 (78.6)6685 (4.1)27 363 (17.3)
Sex182.9<0.001
 Male72 409 (51.8)57 343 (52.8)2483 (41.4)12 583 (49.7)
 Female78 413 (48.2)59 431 (47.2)4202 (58.6)14 780 (50.3)
Age (year)†15.1 (0.4)15.3 (0.5)15.1 (0.4)14.1 (0.3)754.33<0.001
Academic pressure567.69<0.001
 None23 387 (15.8)17 051 (14.9)1060 (16.1)5276 (19.8)
 Less69 359 (46.5)53 061 (46.1)2648 (39.9)13 650 (49.8)
 Medium or great58 076 (37.7)46 662 (39.0)2977 (44.0)8437 (30.4)
HSS204.56<0.001
 Very good30 766 (22.7)22 812 (21.8)1456 (24.2)6498 (26.6)
 Good90 894 (60.3)71 306 (61.1)3748 (55.4)15 840 (57.4)
 Fair or poor29 162 (17.0)22 656 (17.1)1481 (20.4)5025 (16.0)
Current smoking288.12<0.001
 No143 032 (94.6)110 194 (94.1)6212 (93.0)26 626 (97.3)
 Yes7790 (5.4)6580 (5.9)473 (7.0)737 (2.7)
Current drinking818.05<0.001
 No126 765 (84.0)96 909 (82.9)5072 (76.6)24784 (90.5)
 Yes24 057 (16.0)19 865 (17.1)1613 (23.4)2579 (9.5)
Bullying experience57.58<0.001
 No138 523 (91.6)107 767 (92.0)5668 (83.9)25 088 (91.3)
 Yes12 299 (8.4)9007 (8.0)1017 (16.1)2275 (8.7)
  • All numbers were unweighted, whereas all percentages were adjusted for sampling weights.

  • *Sexual minorities included adolescents who reported same-sex or both-sex romantic attraction.

  • †Age data are presented as the means (SE).

  • HSS, household socioeconomic status.