Table 1

Summary of participating injury-specific cohort studies

StudySettingInclusion criteriaParticipants
<18 years
Follow-up time pointsKey outcome measuresInjury diagnosis coding
VSTRAustraliaInhospital death, ISS >12, ICU admission or urgent surgery, met burns criteria 20%–29% full/partial thickness.n=2204*6, 12 and 24 monthsEQ-5D-3L, PedsQL, GOSE, KOSCHI and
ICD-10-AM and AIS 2005 (2008 Update).
VOTORAustraliaOrthopaedic injury admission >24 hours or death within 24 hours.n=1041*EQ-5D-3L, GOSE and WHODAS.ICD-10-AM.
CHAIUSAPresentation to ED or hospital admission for either a TBI or an upper extremity injury.n=9263, 12, 24 and 36 monthsPedsQL, ABAS-II and CASP.ICD-9-CM.
UKBOIUKPresentation to ED or hospital admission
5+ years.
n=1811, 4 and 12 monthsEQ-5D or PedsQL and HUI3.ICD-10 and AIS2005.
BCCH-LIOCanadaPresentation to ED or hospital admission
0–16 years.
n=3511, 4 and 12 monthsEQ-5D and PedsQL.PedsCTAS, CHIRPP and ICD-10.
  • *A proportion of patients met VSTR and VOTOR inclusion criteria (n = 273), and duplicated information will be omitted from VOTOR data.

  • ABAS-II, Adaptive Behavior Assessment System-Second Edition; AIS, Abbreviated Injury Scale; BCCH-LIO, British Columbia Children’s Hospital Longitudinal Injury Outcomes study; CASP, Child and Adolescent Scale of Participation; CHAI, Children’s Health After Injury; CHIRRP, Canadian Hospital Injury Reporting and Prevention Program; ED, emergency department; GOSE, Glasgow Outcome Scale – Extended; HUI3, Health Utilities Index 3; ICD, International Classification of Diseases; ICU, intensive care unit; ISS, Injury Severity Score; KOSCHI, King’s Outcome Scale for Closed Head Injury; PedsCTAS, Paediatriac Canadian Triage and Acuity Scale; PedsQL, Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory; TBI, traumatic brain injury; UKBOI, UK Burden of Injury study; VSTR, Victorian State Trauma Registry; VOTOR, Victorian Orthopaedic Trauma Outcomes Registry; WHODAS, World Health Organisation Disability Assessment Scale.