Table 1

Quality of equity and vulnerability definitions and outcome measurement

ScoreDefinition of health equity or vulnerabilityEquity-relevant outcome measure
1No definitionNo relevant outcome measures
2Study undertaken in a population or setting characterised through the PROGRESS-Plus framework
Inequity or vulnerability not identified
No relevant outcome measures. Discussion of equity implications of other measures
3Study undertaken in a population or setting characterised through the PROGRESS-Plus framework
Inequity and vulnerability recognised but not clearly defined or theorised
Outcomes relevant to alleviating or redressing health effects of PROGRESS-Plus variables, but not explicitly characterised as relevant to equity
4Targeted inequity and/or population vulnerability defined and exploredSome outcomes characterised as relevant to alleviating or redressing health effects of PROGRESS-Plus variables
5Targeted inequity and/or population vulnerability defined and theorised explicitlyStudy specifically designed to measure effects on health inequity or reducing vulnerability