Table 3

Associations between total MRB score and capped GCSE score and odds of gaining five or more GCSEs at grades A*–C

Unadjusted (n=5401)Model 1 (n=5401)Model 2 (n=5401)Model 3 (n=5401)
Capped GCSE−9.17 (−10.25 to – 8.10)−9.12 (−10.19 to –8.05)−6.90 (−7.86 to –5.94)−6.31 (−7.03 to 5.58)
P<0.001P<0.001P<0.001P<0.001
Five A*–C0.82 (0.79 to 0.85)0.82 (0.79 to 0.85)0.84 (0.81 to 0.87)0.77 (0.74 to 0.81)
P<0.001P<0.001P<0.001P<0.001
  • Model 1: adjusted for sex and season of birth.

  • Model 2: adjusted for sex, season of birth, maternal education, parental social class, household income, housing tenure and FSM.

  • Model 3: adjusted for sex, season of birth, maternal education, parental social class, household income, housing tenure, FSM, IQ and previous educational attainment.

  • FSM, free school meal; GCSE, General Certificate of Secondary Education; MRB, multiple risk behaviour.