Table 3

Results of the multiple linear regression analyses with resilience as independent variable and HRQOL (MCS) as outcome variable adjusted by age, sex and stage of MM

Variableb* (95% CI)P values
Level of resilience; reference low level
 Moderate level of resilience2.81 (−0.92 to 6.54)0.14
 High level of resilience12.12 (9.36 to 14.87)<0.001†
Age; 5  years increase0.29 (−0.26 to 0.84)0.3
Sex; reference: female4.01 (1.60 to 6.41)0.0012†
Stage MM; reference: premalignant stage‡
 New diagnosis of MM−0.07 (−3.03 to 2.89)0.96
 Treated MM−0.92 (−3.81 to 1.97)0.53
  • *Regression coefficient: the usual interpretation of a regression coefficient is the average change in the outcome variable when the corresponding predictor variable is changed by one unit.

  • †p-value <0.05.

  • ‡Premalignant stage: monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance or smouldering multiple myeloma.

  • HRQOL, health-related quality of life; MCS, Mental Component Score; MM, multiple myeloma.