Table 2

Results of the multiple linear regression analyses with resilience as independent variable and HRQOL Physical Component Score as outcome variable adjusted by age, sex and stage of MM (premalignant stage: MGUS or SMM)

Variableb* (95% CI)P values
Level of resilience; reference low level
 Moderate level of resilience1.65 (−2.12 to 5.41)0.39
 High level of resilience7.20 (4.43 to 9.98)<0.001†
Age; 5  years increase−0.88 (−1.44 to −0.33)0.002†
Sex; reference: female0.37 (−2.06 to 2.80)0.76
Stage of MM; reference: premalignant stage‡
 New diagnosis of MM−3.56 (−6.55 to −0.57)0.02†
 Treated MM−7.78 (−10.65 to −4.81)<0.001†
  • *Regression coefficient: the usual interpretation of a regression coefficient is the average change in the outcome variable when the corresponding predictor variable is changed by one unit.

  • †p-value <0.05.

  • ‡Premalignant stage: MGUS or SMM.

  • HRQOL, health-related quality of life; MM, multiple myeloma; MGUS, monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance; SMM, smouldering multiple myeloma.