Table 2

Summary studies on lower limb cellulitis in Africa included in the review

Surname of author, publication yearCountryRegionAreaStudy designStudy settingData collectionRandom samplingMale (%)Mean/
median age*
Age range*Sample size (cases of cellulitis)Terminology and definition of the term ‘cellulitis’ by the authors
Saka, 201724 SSASSAUrban and ruralCohortHospital 
based
ProspectiveNo6743.715–88562 (cases=562)Cellulitis: sudden onset of red and oedematous and inflammatory leg associated with fever and chills
Mzabi, 201726 TunisiaNorthUrbanCross-
sectional
Hospital 
based
RetrospectiveNo59.57365–94158 (158)NR
Njim, 201721 CameroonCentralUrbanCase 
control
Hospital 
based
ProspectiveNo34.452 > 15183 (cases=61)Cellulitis: localised area of lower limb erythema, warmth, oedema and pain, associated with fever (temperature >38°C) and/or chills of sudden onset
Titou, 201727 MoroccoNorthUrbanCross-
sectional
Hospital 
based
RetrospectiveNo755437–71152 (cases=152)NR
Pitché, 201522 SSASSAUrban and ruralCohortHospital 
based
ProspectiveNo38.742.1>151092 (cases=364)Cellulitis: sudden onset of red and oedematous and inflammatory leg associated with fever and chills
Pitché, 201523 SSASSAUrban and ruralCohortHospital 
based
ProspectiveNo39.743.715–88562 (cases=562)Cellulitis: sudden onset of red and oedematous and inflammatory leg associated with fever and chills
Mokni, 200620 TunisiaNorthUrbanCase 
control
Hospital 
based
ProspectiveNo76.345.4 > 18322 (cases=114)Erysipelas: sudden onset (>24 hours) of a well-demarcated acute dermohypodermitis considered to be non-necrotising cellulitis with fever >38°C or chills.
  • *Age in years.

  • SSA: Togo, Senegal, Mali, Ivory Coast, Guinea Conakry, Burkina Faso, Cameroon.

  • NR, not reported; SSA, Sub-Saharan Africa.