Table 2

Estimated ORs from generalised logit analysis of different pain intensities between the North and South of England adjusting for age, gender and level of qualifications.

VariablesCategories‘Severely limiting’ versus ‘no pain’P values‘Moderately limiting’ versus ‘no pain’P values‘High intensity’
versus ‘no pain’
P values‘Low intensity’
versus ‘no pain’
P values
Intercept0.011 (0.007, 0.018)<0.0010.010 (0.006, 0.018)<0.0010.097 (0.076, 0.124)<0.0010.004 (0.002, 0.010)<0.001
RegionNorth1.323 (1.063, 1.645)0.0121.374 (1.035, 1.823)0.0280.977 (0.852, 1.120)0.7350.954 (0.604, 1.507)0.840
SouthRefRefRefRef
Age1.042 (1.035, 1.050)<0.0011.033 (1.024, 1.042)<0.0011.030 (1.025, 1.034)<0.0011.036 (1.022, 1.054)<0.001
GenderFemale1.137 (1.020, 1.267)0.0211.221 (1.059, 1.408)0.0061.183 (1.108, 1.262)<0.0010.913 (0.738, 1.129)0.399
MaleRefRefRefRef
QualificationsNone2.574 (2.069, 3.203)<0.0011.408 (1.021, 1.943)0.0371.133 (0.964, 1.332)0.1311.117 (0.660, 1.890)0.681
Foreign/other qualification1.188 (0.635, 2.222)0.5910.873 (0.351, 2.171)0.7700.894 (0.574, 1.392)0.6191.373 (0.384, 4.911)0.626
NVQ level 1 or equivalent1.345 (0.872, 2.077)0.1801.082 (0.587, 1.995)0.8011.199 (0.917, 1.569)0.1850.562 (0.164, 1.922)0.358
NVQ level 2 or equivalent1.057 (0.822, 1.358)0.6671.073 (0.776, 1.483)0.6691.007 (0.868, 1.169)0.9270.748 (0.422, 1.326)0.320
NVQ level 3 or equivalent0.853 (0.621, 1.171)0.3240.744 (0.487, 1.138)0.1730.913 (0.768, 1.087)0.3070.866 (0.459, 1.636)0.658
NVQ level 4 or equivalent0.718 (0.513, 1.005)0.0540.937 (0.627, 1.401)0.7520.999 (0.836, 1.194)0.9911.162 (0.654, 2.065)0.609
NVQ level 5 or equivalentRefRefRefRef