Table 1

Sample distribution and the proportion of the sample categorised as ‘high’ on the examined study variables

Sample characteristicsN (%*)Burnout dimensionsPsychological morbidities
Emotional exhaustionDepersonalisationHigh anxiety symptomsHigh
depressive symptoms
HighLowHighLow
Total sample593 (100 %)38.70%21.59%20.74%58.85%43.10%36.10%
Countries
 England193 (32.5%)37.82%8.8%22.27%56.48%52.13%43.09%
 Wales190 (32.0%)40.21%27.51%20.11%58.73%41.94%38.17%
 Scotland210 (35.4%)37.91%18.48%20.38%61.13%51.92%36.54%
Gender
 Male374 (63.1%)37.43%25.67%21.39%55.88%47.33%41.98%
 Female208 (35.1%)41.35%13.94%20.19%64.42%51.44%31.25%
 Not specified11 (1.9%)
Age (years)
 30–40119 (20.1%)41.18%20.83%25.83%57.50%50.83%37.50%
 41–50267 (45.5%)35.58%21.35%19.10%58.43%47.49%40.15%
 51–60184 (31.0%)42.93%20.00%20.54%58.38%52.22%37.78%
 >6023 (3.9%)26.09%41.67%12.50%79.17%28.00%24.00%
Tenure (years)
 <125 (4.2%)28.00%24.00%24.00%64.00%60.00%53.00%
 1–5135 (22.9%)37.04%22.96%20.76%62.22%56.29%50.37%
 6–10154 (26.1%)70.91%20.13%18.18%56.49%50.00%43.51%
 11–15112 (19.0%)37.50%21.43%22.32%54.46%50.89%40.18%
 16–2086 (14.6%)39.53%15.12%24.41%59.30%50.00%44.19%
 >2178 (13.2%)41.02%28.20%17.94%61.54%39.74%33.33%
 Not specified3 (0.5%)
Specialty
 Physician171 (28.8%)33.33%22.35%19.41%61.18%47.88%35.15%
 Surgeon108 (18.2%)43.52%19.44%27.48%46.30%48.54%45.63%
 Obstetrics/gynaecology24 (4.0%)37.50%12.50%12.50%66.67%41.67%25.00%
 Anaesthesia83 (14.0%)28.92%28.91%25.30%54.22%47.56%40.24%
 Radiology41 (6.9%)36.59%24.39%19.51%65.85%46.34%36.59%
 Psychiatry47 (7.9%)46.81%22.92%10.40%62.50%52.08%37.50%
 Pathology/microbiology22 (3.7%)59.09%18.18%9.09%63.64%72.73%54.55%
 Other93 (15.7%)44.09%17.20%22.58%65.59%47.31%34.41%
 Not specified4 (0.7%)
  • Risk for emotional exhaustion (high≥27; low≤13) and depersonalisation (high≥13; low≤5) was based on composite score on the Maslach Burnout Inventory; high depressive (≥20) and anxiety (≥18) was based on composite score on the State Trait Personality Inventory representing more frequent experience of symptoms.

  • *After excluding missing values.