Table 4

Differences in mental health status according to diabetes diagnosis and its awareness

Psychosocial problemsWithout diabetes
n=12 750 (87.0%)
With diabetes
n=1905 (13.0%)
With diabetes, unaware
n=612 (32.1%)
With diabetes, aware
n=1293 (67.9%)
Depressive symptom*
 Crude proportion, % (total n)12.9 (1643)15.2 (289)13.2 (81)16.1 (208)
 Unadjusted OR (95% CI)1.001.23 (1.03 to 1.46)1.001.43 (1.00 to 2.04)
 Model 11.001.15 (0.96 to 1.38)1.001.48 (1.03 to 2.14)
 Model 21.000.94 (0.78 to 1.13)1.001.19 (0.82 to 1.73)
Suicidal thought†
 Crude proportion, % (total n)13.5 (1720)17.7 (336)16.4 (100)18.3 (236)
 Unadjusted OR (95% CI)1.001.41 (1.18 to 1.67)1.001.38 (1.01 to 1.87)
 Model 11.001.21 (1.02 to 1.45)1.001.28 (0.94 to 1.75)
 Model 21.001.01 (0.85 to 1.21)1.001.05 (0.75 to 1.48)
Suicidal attempt‡
 Crude proportion, % (total n)4.2 (72)5.7 (19)5.0 (5)5.9 (14)
 Unadjusted OR (95% CI)1.001.46 (1.24 to 1.73)1.001.37 (1.01 to 1.87)
 Model 11.001.22 (1.02 to 1.45)1.001.27 (0.93 to 1.75)
 Model 21.001.01 (0.85 to 1.21)1.001.04 (0.74 to 1.47)
  • Model 1: adjusted using multiple logistic regression to control for age, gender and body mass index.

  • Model 2: adjusted using multiple logistic regression to control for age, gender, body mass index, education level, employment status, insurance status, household income and self- health status.

  • *Felt sad, unhappy or desperate for more than 2 weeks, which interfered with the daily activities during the past year.

  • †Suicidal thought in the past year.

  • ‡Suicidal attempt in the past year.