Table 3

Differences in cancer screening and other medical activities between groups according to diabetes diagnosis and its awareness

Preventive healthcare utilisationWithout diabetes
n=12 750 (87.0%)
With diabetes
n=1905 (13.0%)
With diabetes, unaware
n=612 (32.1%)
With diabetes, aware
n=1293 (67.9%)
Cervical cancer screening* (age ≥30)
 Crude proportion, % (total n)76.5 (5682)64.3 (606)65.1 (200)63.9 (406)
 Unadjusted OR (95% CI)1.000.58 (0.49 to 0.68)1.000.84 (0.59 to 1.20)
 Model 11.000.70 (0.59 to 0.84)1.001.04 (0.72 to 1.51)
 Model 21.000.72 (0.60 to 0.86)1.001.04 (0.84 to 1.59)
Breast cancer screening† (age ≥40)
 Crude proportion, % (total n)81.3 (4565)74.9 (676)74.3 (208)75.1 (468)
 Unadjusted OR (95% CI)1.000.71 (0.59 to 0.86)1.000.87 (0.58 to 1.30)
 Model 11.000.80 (0.65 to 0.98)1.001.03 (0.66 to 1.58)
 Model 21.000.80 (0.65 to 0.98)1.000.98 (0.62 to 1.54)
Gastric cancer screening‡ (age ≥40)
 Crude proportion, % (total n)73.2 (7103)67.7 (1234)65.6 (363)68.6 (871)
 Unadjusted OR (95% CI)1.000.80 (0.70 to 0.91)1.001.18 (0.91 to 1.53)
 Model 11.000.78 (0.68 to 0.90)1.001.20 (0.92 to 1.57)
 Model 21.000.81 (0.70 to 0.93)1.001.22 (0.93 to 1.60)
Colon cancer screening§ (age ≥50)
 Crude proportion, % (total n)58.1 (3992)52.6 (859)47.4 (215)54.6 (644)
 Unadjusted OR (95% CI)1.000.84 (0.74 to 0.97)1.001.40 (1.07 to 1.83)
 Model 11.000.86 (0.75 to 0.99)1.001.51 (1.14 to 1.99)
 Model 21.000.86 (0.75 to 0.99)1.001.55 (1.17 to 2.05)
Health screening recent 2 years (age ≥30)
 Crude proportion, % (total n)63.8 (8132)61.9 (1178)60.4 (369)62.6 (809)
 Unadjusted OR (95% CI)1.000.93 (0.82 to 1.05)1.001.18 (0.90 to 1.54)
 Model 11.000.71 (0.63 to 0.81)1.001.16 (0.88 to 1.54)
 Model 21.000.75 (0.66 to 0.85)1.001.17 (0.88 to 1.57)
Influenza vaccination (age ≥50)
 Crude proportion, % (total n)51.7 (3553)62.5 (1020)53.4 (243)66.1 (777)
 Unadjusted OR (95% CI)1.001.52 (1.32 to 1.74)1.001.77 (1.36 to 2.30)
 Model 11.001.19 (1.01 to 1.39)1.001.72 (1.29 to 2.30)
 Model 21.001.14 (0.97 to 1.34)1.001.56 (1.15 to 2.11)
  • Model 1: adjusted using multiple logistic regression to control for age, gender and body mass index.

  • Model 2: adjusted using multiple logistic regression to control for age, gender, body mass index, education level, employment status, insurance status, household income and self-health status.

  • *Receipt of a Papanicolaou test within the past 2 years among women with uterus.

  • †Receipt of a mammography or breast ultrasonography within the past 2 years among women with breast.

  • ‡Receipt of a gastroduodenoscopy or double-contrast upper gastrointestinal series within the past 2 years.

  • §Receipt of a colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy or barium enema within the past 5 years.