Table 1

Surgical trials by specialty (excluding specialities with less than 10 trials found) showing proportion of elective versus emergency trials and the percentage of these that were published

SpecialtyRegistered; number
(% of trials in
specialty)
Published; number
(% of trials
registered)
General surgery (all)
 Elective111 (84.7)59 (53.2)
 Emergency20 (15.3)13 (65.0)
Orthopaedics
 Elective86 (86.9)38 (44.2)
 Emergency13 (13.1)3 (23.1)
General (lower gastrointestinal)*
 Elective43 (84.3)27 (62.8)
 Emergency8 (15.7)6 (75.0)
General (upper gastrointestinal)*
 Elective41 (89.1)17 (41.5)
 Emergency5 (10.9)3 (60.0)
Ophthalmology
 Elective34 (100)22 (64.7)
 Emergency0 (0)
Cardiothoracic
 Elective33 (97.1)18 (54.5)
 Emergency1 (2.9)0 (0)
Obstetrics and gynaecology
 Elective29 (96.7)13 (44.8)
 Emergency1 (3.3)0 (0)
Neurosurgery
 Elective24 (92.3)8 (33.3)
 Emergency2 (7.7)2 (100)
Vascular
 Elective18 (100)11 (61.1)
 Emergency0 (0)
General (other)*
 Elective10 (58.2)7 (70.0)
 Emergency7 (41.8)4 (57.1)
General (breast)*
 Elective14 (100)6 (42.9)
 Emergency0 (0)
Urology
 Elective14 (100)7 (50.0)
 Emergency0 (0)
Plastics
 Elective11 (84.6)8 (72.7)
 Emergency2 (15.4)0 (0)
Other
 Elective15 (100)11 (73.3)
 Emergency0 (0)
Total
 Elective375 (100)195 (52.0)
 Emergency39 (100)18 (46.2)
  • *Categories combine into general surgery (all). Only general surgery (all) was included in the totals.