Table 2

Individual, manager and country contextual characteristics associated with greater absenteeism among individuals with depression* (multivariable linear regression, n=2715)†

Unadjusted GEE parameter estimates (95% CI)P valuesAdjusted GEE parameter estimates (95% CI)P values
Individual characteristics
Gender
  Male0.47 (−1.96 to 2.89)0.710.87 (−0.49 to 2.23)0.21
  FemaleReferenceReference
 Age
  45–64−3.64 (−5.93 to −1.35)0.002−1.16 (−3.29 to 0.96)0.28
  25–44−8.70 (−14.09 to −3.31)0.002−3.88 (−8.58 to 0.81)0.11
  16–24ReferenceReference
 Education
  High3.43 (2.05 to 4.83)<0.00012.29 (0.97 to 3.60)0.0007
  Medium2.56 (1.30 to 3.82)<0.00011.09 (−1.01 to 3.19)0.31
  LowReferenceReference
 Working in a larger company−0.93 (−1.41 to −0.45)<0.0001−0.82 (−1.54 to −0.09)0.03
Country contextual characteristics
 Offered help−1.28 (−2.92 to 0.13)0.05−1.06 (−2.39 to 0.27)0.12
 Avoided talking about it7.27 (1.06 to 13.92)<0.00014.13 (1.68 to 6.57)0.0009
 Country GDP‡2.59 (1.87 to 3.30)<0.00012.97 (−0.48 to 6.42)0.09