Table 1

Data collection methods per research question

 Research questionsSpecific research questionParticipants providing dataData sourceData analysis
 1. To what extent is MPL applied within French-speaking Switzerland’s companies and the components of its healthcare system?To what extent is MPL applied by the companies in the healthcare and food industry sectors?HR managers, employersTelephone questionnairesDescriptive analyses using STATA
To what extent is MPL applied by gynaecologist-obstetricians and midwives?Gynaecologist-obstetricians and midwivesOnline questionnairesDescriptive analyses and hierarchical cluster analyses using STATA
2. What are the factors influencing the implementation of MPL within French-speaking Switzerland’s companies and the components of its healthcare system?What are the principal difficulties in the implementation of MPL in companies in the healthcare and food industry sectors?HR managers, employersTelephone questionnairesDescriptive analyses using STATA
What are the principal difficulties in the implementation of MPL by gynaecologist-obstetricians and midwives?Gynaecologist-obstetricians and midwivesOnline questionnairesDescriptive analyses and hierarchical cluster analyses using STATA
3. How is MPL translated into concrete measures within companies? What are the disparities between the legal framework, the preventive measures planned by companies and the reality in the workplace?
What are the obstacles and aids to the implementation of MPL?
HR managers, employers, heads of department, occupational physicians and hygienists, women workers who have been pregnant in the last five yearsSemi-structured qualitative interviewsThematic analysis of content
4. What is the experience of the actors concerned, particularly pregnant workers, with regard to the implementation (or not) of maternity protection measures?What is the impact on women’s real-life experiences with regard to reconciling work and maternity?
What is their experience of the adequacy of maternity protection measures with regard to their own needs?
Women workers who have been pregnant in the last 5 years.Semi-structured qualitative interviewsThematic analysis of content
5. How do occupational physicians and hygienists and work inspectors perceive MPL?What is their opinion about current maternity protection measures?
How would they propose to improve MPL and its implementation?
Occupational physicians and hygienists and labour inspectorsFocus groupsThematic analysis of content
  • HR, human resources; MPL, maternity protection legislation.