Table 3

Prevalence of disability in the five datasets (%, 95% CI)*

Bangladesh-1Bangladesh-2CameroonIndiaMalawi
Sample size (individuals)751175 767346735738834
Overall prevalence of disability*1.3 (1.0 to 1.7)1.9 (1.6 to 2.1)11.0 (9.4 to 12.7)12.6 (10.9 to 14.5)2.6 (2.4 to 2.8)
WGSS prevalence of disability1.9 (1.6 to 2.1)5.8 (4.6 to 7.4)7.1 (5.7 to 8.9)2.6 (2.4 to 2.8)
Sex
 Male1.3 (1.0 to 1.8)2.0 (1.7 to 2.3)10.6 (8.9 to 12.5)12.0 (9.9 to 14.4)2.5 (2.1 to 3.1)
 Female1.3 (0.9 to 1.9)1.8 (1.5 to 2.0)11.2 (9.3 to 13.5)13.2 (11.3 to 15.3)2.7 (2.3 to 3.1)
Age group (years)
 2–170.5 (0.3 to 0.9)1.1 (0.9 to 1.2)4.9 (3.9 to 6.1)3.8 (2.7 to 5.3)1.2 (1.0 to 1.5)
 18–490.5 (0.3 to 0.9)2.3 (1.9 to 2.6)†6.9 (5.3 to 9.1)8.2 (6.0 to 11.0)1.6 (1.3 to 2.1)
 50+4.7 (3.4 to 6.5)33.7 (28.8 to 38.9)38.3 (33.6 to 43.3)11.5 (10.2 to 12.9)
Type of functional difficulty‡
 Hearing9.7 (4.5 to 17.6)21.1 (19.0 to 23.4)38.3 (33.2 to 43.5)39.3 (34.6 to 44.0)29.0 (23.1 to 35.6)
 Visual6.5 (2.4 to 13.5)26.5 (24.2 to 28.9)31.4 (26.6 to 36.5)37.8 (33.2 to 42.5)39.2 (32.6 to 40.0)
 Physical41.9 (31.8 to 52.6)57.6 (55.0 to 60.3)53.3 (48.0 to 58.5)51.7 (46.9 to 56.5)50.2 (43.4 to 57.1)
 Intellectual20.4 (12.8 to 30.1)27.4 (25.0 to 29.8)20.2 (16.2 to 24.7)36.8 (21.2 to 59.0)25.3 (19.7 to 31.7)
 Age-related21.5 (13.7 to 31.2)
Proportion households with at least one person with a disability7.1 (5.6 to 9.0)6.5 (5.7 to 7.5)39.3 (34.0 to 44.7)38.5 (34.1 to 43.1)10.9 (9.5 to 12.4)
  • *Disability prevalence data restricted to population aged 2+ years only.

  • †Age categories restricted to 0–1, 2–9, 10–19 and 20+ years in Bangladesh-2 raw data; therefore, Bangladesh-2 age data refer to 0–19 and 20+ years.

  • ‡Functional difficulty reported among people classified as having a disability. These figures are not prevalence estimates and the categories are not mutually exclusive.

  • WGSS, Washington Group Short Set.