Table 1

Financial burden indicators, India, 1993–1994, 2004–2005 and 2011–2012

Financial burden indicators1993–19942004–20052011–2012
Percentage households reporting OOP payments
 Any OOP payments (%)59.2 (58.9 to 59.5)64.4 (64.2 to 64.7)80.5 (80.2 to 80.7)
 Medicines OOP payments (%)57.5 (57.3 to 57.8)63.6 (63.3 to 63.8)79.0 (78.8 to 79.3)
Monthly per capita expenditure (INR at constant 1999–2000 prices*)
 Household consumption expenditure517 (515 to 519)619 (616 to 622)794 (790 to 799)
 OOP expenditure on health25.59 (24.61 to 26.25)36.3 (35.7 to 37.0)54.3 (53.3 to 55.3)
 Medicine OOP expenditure20.86 (19.50 to 21.25)26.0 (25.6 to 26.4)36.1 (35.5 to 36.8)
Share of health to total household expenditure (%)
 Share of total OOP expenditure to total household expenditure (%)4.84 (4.78 to 4.91)5.78 (5.72 to 5.83)6.77 (6.70 to 6.84)
 Share of medicine OOP expenditure to total household expenditure (%)3.93 (3.87 to 3.98)4.10 (4.06 to 4.14)4.49 (4.45 to 4.54)
Share of health to non-food household expenditure (%)
 Share of total OOP payments to non-food expenditure (%)12.37 (12.20 to 12.55)10.82 (10.72 to 10.91)11.46 (11.36 to 11.56)
 Share of medicines OOP payments to non-food expenditure (%)10.02 (9.88 to 10.17)7.68 (7.62 to 7.75)7.60 (7.54 to 7.67)
  • Numbers in brackets are 95% CI.

  • *State-specific and rural–urban-specific consumer price indices were used to convert current prices values at the constant 1999–2000 prices.

  • The current prices values for monthly per capita total OOP are 15.7, 41.8 and 111.2 and for medicine OOP are 12.8, 29.8 and 73.9 (all in INR) for the years 1993–1994, 2004–2005 and 2011–2012, respectively.

  • OOP, out-of-pocket.