Table 2

Percentage of households incurring catastrophic payments with respect to total OOP spending and medicines OOP spending, 1993–1994, 2004–2005 and 2011–2012

Financial health equity measurements1993–1994 (%)2004–2005 (%)2011–2012 (%)Estimated no of households (2011–2012)
Cut-off for catastrophe using total household expenditure
 Total OOP Payment >5%26.9 (26.6, 27.1)28.7 (28.5 to 30.0)35.3 (35.0 to 35.6)90 107 225
 Total OOP Payment >10%13.9 (13.8 to14.2)14.6 (14.4 to 14.8)17.9 (17.7 to 18.2)45 691 766
 Total OOP Payment >25%3.9 (3.8 to 4.0)3.5 (3.4 to 3.6)4.3 (4.2 to 4.4)10 976 234
 Medicines OOP Payment >5%23.3 (23.0 to 23.5)23.4 (23.2 to 23.6)27.0 (26.7 to 27.2)68 920 540
 Medicines OOP Payment >10%11.5 (11.3 to 11.7)10.2 (10.2 to 10.4)11.2 (11.0 to 11.4)28 589 261
 Medicines OOP Payment >25%02.9 (2.8 to 2.9)1.6 (1.5 to 1.7)1.8 (1.7 to 1.9)4 594 703
Cut-off for catastrophe using non-food expenditure
 Total OOP Payment >5%47.8 (47.5 to 48.1)46.5 (46.2 to 46.8)53.5 (53.2 to 53.8)136 564 775
 Total OOP Payment >10%34.8 (34.6 to 35.1)31.0 (30.7 to 31.2)34.9 (34.7 to 35.2)89 086 180
 Total OOP Payment >25%16.7 (16.5 to 16.9)11.4 (11.2 to 11.5)11.9 (11.7 to 12.1)30 376 090
 Total OOP Payment >40%9.7 (9.5 to 9.9)4.7 (4.6 to 4.9)4.9 (4.8 to 5.0)12 507 802
 Medicines OOP Payment >5%44.7 (44.4 to 45.0)42.5 (42.2 to 42.8)46.4 (46.1 to 46.7)118 441 225
 Medicines OOP Payment >10%31.2 (31.0 to 31.5)25.5 (25.3 to 25.7)26.1 (25.9 to 26.4)66 623 189
 Medicines OOP Payment >25%13.9 (13.7 to 14.1)7.1 (7.0 to 7.3)6.3 (6.1 to 6.4)16 081 459
 Medicines OOP Payment >40%7.8 (7.6 to 7.9)2.2 (2.1 to 2.3)1.8 (1.7 to 1.9)4 594 703
  • Figures in brackets are 95% CI.

  • OOP, out of pocket.