Table 2

Classification of alcohol-related presentations

Total n (%)
Total alcohol-related ED
189 (100)
1. Direct Injuries109 (57.7)
 a. Unintentional injuries, including road traffic injuries, drowning, burns, poisoning and falls88 (46.6)
 b. Intentional injuries, which result from deliberate acts of violence against oneself or others21 (11.1)
2. Intoxication143 (75.7)
 a. Alcohol involvement (blood alcohol concentration) as determined by breathalyser4 (2.1)
 b. Clinical intoxication: reasonable suspicion of any caring health professional (includes triage nurse if not yet seen by a doctor) that a patient is affected by recent alcohol consumption132 (69.8)
 c. Intoxication, but unrelated to clinical presentation7 (3.7)
3. Medical condition as the result of the harmful use of alcohol (ICD-10 code)65 (34.3)
 G31.2 Degeneration of nervous system due to alcohol2 (1.1)
 I42.6 Alcoholic cardiomyopathy1 (0.5)
 K29.2 Alcoholic gastritis11 (5.8)
 K70 Alcoholic liver disease3 (1.6)
 F10.2 Alcohol dependence syndrome10 (5.3)
 F10.3 Alcohol withdrawal state10 (5.3)
 Other medical conditions that the treating physician believes are attributable to or exacerbated by alcohol (eg, Wernicke’s encephalopathy, Korsakoff’s dementia, cirrhosis, alcoholic hepatitis, hepatic encephalopathy, Barrett’s oesophagus/Mallory–Weiss syndrome/peptic ulcer/chronic diarrhoea, infection)28 (14.8)
4. Mental health56 (29.6)
 a. Mental health presentations due to alcohol intoxication15 (7.9)
 b. Mental health presentations due to harmful use of alcohol15 (7.9)
 c. Overdose involving alcohol alone or as a coingestant26 (13.8)
5. Social problems49 (25.9)
 Z72.1 Problems of lifestyle: alcohol use49 (25.9)
6. Indirect injuries22 (11.6)
 Intentional or unintentional injuries caused by a third party affected by alcohol22 (11.6)