Table 1

Proposed keywords for systematic review search strategy

Population — drugsantibiotic*; antimicrobial*; “anti-bacterial agents” ; antibacterial; anti-bacterial
Interventions“behavioural intervention*”, “behavioral intervention*”, “behaviour intervention”, “behavior intervention”, “behaviour change”, “behavior change”, “behaviour modification”, “behavior modification”, “training”, “supervision”, “education”, “knowledge”, “feedback”, “audit”, “reminders”, “modelling”, “modeling”, “enablement”, “persuasion”, “incentivisation”, “incentivization’, “coercion”, “restriction”, “environmental restructuring”, “guidelines”, “stewardship”, “law enforcement”, “policy”, “governance”
Outcomes“use”, “rational use”, “irrational use”, “inappropriate use”, “appropriate use”, “appropriate treatment”, “treatment”, “prescription”, “adequate prescription”, “prescri*”, “knowledge”, “prophylactic use”, “prophilaxys”, “effectiveness”, “cost effectiveness”, “cost-effectiveness”, “economic evaluation”, “costs”, “costing”, cost effectiveness analysis”, “cost-effectiveness analysis”, “cost benefit analysis”, “cost-benefit analysis”, “cost utility analysis”, “cost-utility analysis”, “utilization”, “utilisation”, “drug use”, “medicine use”, “essential medicine*”, “drug information”, “drug therapy”, “consumption”, “prescribing practices”, “prescribing behaviour”, “prescribing behavior”
Countries“low and middle income countr*”, “low income countr*”, “middle income countr*”, LMIC*, “developing countr*”, Afghanistan, Benin, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, The Gambia, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Korea, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nepal, Niger, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zimbabwe, Armenia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Bolivia, Cabo Verde, Cambodia, Cameroon, Republic of Congo, Congo, Cote d’Ivoire, Djibouti, Arab Republic of Egypt, Egypt, El Salvador, Ghana, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Kiribati, Kosovo, Republic of Kyrgyz, Kyrgyz, Lao PDR, Lao, Lesotho, Mauritania, Federated States of Micronesia, Micronesia, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Myanmar, Burma, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Samoa, Sao Tome and Principe, Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Arab Republic of Syria, Syria, Tajikistan, Timor-Leste, Timor Leste, East Timor, Tonga, Tunisia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Vietnam, West Bank and Gaza, Republic of Yemen, Yemen, Zambia, Albania, Algeria, American Samoa, Angola, Argentina, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belize, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea, Ecuador, Fiji, Gabon, Georgia, Grenada, Guyana, Islamic Republic of Iran, Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Lebanon, Libya, Republic of Macedonia, Macedonia, Malaysia, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Montenegro, Namibia, Palau, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Romania, Russian Federation, Russia, Serbia, South Africa, St Lucia, St Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Thailand, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tuvalu, Venezuela RB, Venezuela
  • Terms within each row are separated by OR.

  • Terms across each row are separated by AND.

  • Limited to publications related to Humans.

  • Limited to publications from January 1990 to 2017.