Table 3

Baseline predictors of number of home visits from health visitor by 6 months post partum for women in usual care arm

Three or fewer visits
(n=155)
Four or more visits
(n=312)
Overall
n=467)
Univariate association
NMedian (IQR) or %NMedian (IQR) or %Median (IQR) or N (%)
Age in years17.9 (17.1–18.7)17.8 (16.9–18.9)17.8 (16.9–18.8)0.721
Ethnic background0.070
 White13083.927688.5406 (86.9)
 Mixed53.2185.923 (4.9)
 Asian31.941.37 (1.5)
 Black159.7134.228 (6.0)
 Other21.310.33 (0.6)
Relationship status0.433
 Married42.631.07 (1.5)
 Separated138.43410.947 (10.1)
 Closely involved/boyfriend12077.424478.2364 (77.9)
 Just friends1811.6319.949 (10.5)
Live with father of baby0.512
 Yes4227.17122.8113 (24.2)
 No10869.721267.9320 (68.5)
 Not answered53.2299.334 (7.3)
Subjective social status:
 Family1555.8 (5.0–7.0)3095.8 (5.0–7.0)5.8 (5.0–7.0)0.896
 Personal1546.8 (5.0–8.0)3117.1 (6.0–8.0)6.7 (6.0–8.0) 0.007
NEET*1382660.210
 Yes4532.610539.5150 (37.1)
 No9367.416160.5254 (62.9)
Receive any benefits1543110.776
 Yes4831.010132.4149 (31.9)
 No10668.421067.3316 (67.7)
 Not answered10.610.32 (0.4)
Ever been homeless 0.023
 Yes1912.36520.884 (18.0)
 No13687.924779.2383 (82.0)
Deprivation (IMDS)†15440.4 (24.8–54.3)30838.0 (24.8–51.4)38.8 (24.8–51.7)0.175
Health utility0.374
 Perfect health10467.119562.5299 (64.0)
 Less than perfect health5132.911536.9166 (35.5)
 Not answered00.020.62 (0.4)
Self-rated health0.227
 Excellent2415.55818.682 (17.6)
 Good11372.920064.1313 (67.0)
 Fair1711.04815.465 (13.9)
 Poor10.661.97 (1.5)
Limiting chronic illness:0.144
 Yes2415.56621.290 (19.3)
 No13184.524678.8377 (80.7)
Self-efficacy‡15129.7 (27.0–32.5)30829.9 (28.0–32.0)29.8 (27.0–32.0)0.604
Adaptive functioning§
Difficulty in at least one basic skill0.674
 Yes3623.27825.0114 (24.4)
 No11976.823475.0353 (75.6)
Three or fewer key life skills0.822
 Yes3925.28126.0120 (25.7)
 No11674.822973.4345 (73.9)
 Missing00.020.62 (0.4)
 At least one burden†† 0.080
 Yes5535.58727.9142 (30.4)
 No9863.222471.8322 (69.0)
 Missing21.310.33 (0.6)
Alcohol/drug use¶1471.2 (0.0–2.0)2961.3 (0.0–2.0)1.3 (0.0–2.0)0.212
Antisocial behaviour1542.0 (1.0–3.0)3102.3 (1.0–4.0)2.2 (1.0–3.0)0.088
Social support15585.7 (77.0–98.7)31085.8 (79.0–98.7)85.8 (77.6–98.7)0.491
Relationship quality13028.5 (26.0–32.0)25528.2 (26.0–32.0)28.3 (26.0–32.0)0.433
Family resources15013.5 (11.0–16.0)29613.5 (11.0–16.0)13.5 (11.0–16.0)0.884
Psychological distress/mental health15520.3 (15.0–25.0)31121.8 (17.0–26.0)21.3 (16.0–26.0)0.025
Trial site0.003**
 110.6103.211 (2.4)
 253.282.613 (2.8)
 3149.0154.829 (6.2)
 421.372.29 (1.9)
 585.2103.218 (3.9)
 663.972.213 (2.8)
 774.572.214 (3.0)
 8127.7196.131 (6.6)
 9138.4268.339 (8.4)
 1053.2175.422 (4.7)
 1174.5309.637 (7.9)
 121711.0165.133 (7.1)
 1374.53511.242 (9.0)
 1453.231.08 (1.7)
 15117.1268.337 (7.9)
 161912.3196.138 (8.1)
 1785.2309.638 (8.1)
 1885.2278.735 (7.5)
  • Bold indicates variable remained significantly associated with number of visits in logistic model.

  • *Applicable only to those whose academic age is >16 years at baseline interview.

  • †Higher IMDS indicated more deprivation.

  • ‡Higher score indicates higher level of self-efficacy.

  • §Higher score indicates better management of day-to-day lives and routines (for each of the three subscales).

  • ¶CRAFFT screening test11 for substance-related risks and problems in adolescents.

  • **Not modelled in regression analysis due to high number of levels.

  • ††The three original scale items comprised having to care for someone with long-term illness or alcohol/drug problem, feeling that they had in/sufficient privacy, living with people who respondents wished were not around.

  • IMDS, Index of Multiple Deprivation Score; NEET, not in education, employment or training.