Table 2

Independent predictors of improvement in HOMA score, systolic BP, weight, VEGF and EGF

Biological variable (target reduction)All study participants (n=141)
 CovariateOR 95% CIP values
HOMA score (reduction ≥20%)
 Abstinence3.481.60 to 7.530.002
 Exercise+diet SLIQ score0.870.43 to 1.770.694
Systolic BP (reduction ≥5%)
 Abstinence6.472.71 to 15.46<0.001
 Exercise+diet SLIQ score1.470.70 to 3.080.310
Weight (reduction ≥2%)
 Abstinence15.633.54 to 68.95<0.001
 Exercise+diet SLIQ score0.740.323 to 1.690.475
VEGF (reduction ≥20%)
 Abstinence4.351.93 to 9.81<0.001
 Exercise+diet SLIQ score2.170.97 to 4.860.59
EGF (reduction≥20%)
 Abstinence48.8115.26 to 156.06<0.001
 Exercise+diet SLIQ score2.520.80 to 7.950.115
  • Results are presented as adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals using multivariable logistic regression analysis.

  • SLIQ, Simple Lifestyle Indicator Questionnaire; EGF, epidermal growth factor; HOMA, homeostatic model assessment; VEGF, vascular endothelial growth factor.