Table 4

Association between insulin levels and metabolic syndrome

VariablesModel 1Model 2Model 3
OR(95% CI)P valueOR(95% CI)P valueOR(95% CI)P value
Low1.001.001.00
Middle2.46(1.14 to 5.35)0.021.71(0.76 to 3.85)0.201.51(0.64 to 3.57)0.35
High10.50(5.05 to 21.84)<0.0015.63(2.53 to 12.53)<0.0015.04(2.15 to 11.81)<0.001
P value for trend<0.001<0.001<0.001
  • Model 1: unadjusted.

  • Model 2: adjusted for gender, age and BMI.

  • Model 3: adjusted for factors in model 2 plus smoking, HTN, and hyperlipidaemia.