Table 3

OR for women with a strong SOC who completed the HLEQ questionnaire in 1996–2000 (women with a strong SOC sample size=7192)

CharacteristicOR and 95% CIP value for model C
UnadjustedModel A*Model B†Model C‡
Sociodemographics
 Age
  <652.15 (1.30 to 3.56)2.58 (1.48 to 4.50)1.89 (1.06 to 3.38)2.13 (1.18 to 3.85)0.0118
  ≥651.001.001.001.00
 Education§
   Low0.48 (0.29 to 0.78)0.54 (0.33 to 0.89)0.59 (0.36 to 0.98)0.59 (0.35 to 1.00)0.0483
   High1.001.001.001.00
 Marital status
   Married1.001.001.001.00
  Not married‡‡1.42 (0.91 to 2.22)1.56 (0.99 to 2.47)1.25 (0.78 to 2.01)1.22 (0.76 to 1.96)0.4131
 Social class¶
   Manual0.72 (0.46 to 1.12)0.84 (0.53 to 1.34)0.86 (0.53 to 1.39)0.83 (0.52 to 1.35)0.4592
  Non-manual1.001.001.001.00
 Employed
   Yes1.001.001.001.00
   No0.94 (0.62 to 1.41)1.46 (0.94 to 2.26)1.44 (0.92 to 2.25)1.25 (0.79 to 1.97)0.3461
Townsend Index
 Deprivation
   Yes (>0)1.38 (0.83 to 2.29)1.43 (0.86 to 2.39)1.32 (0.79 to 2.21)1.29 (0.77 to 2.17)0.3366
   No (≤0)1.001.001.001.00
Health status
 Life-time MDD
   Yes10.39 (6.79 to 15.89)9.32 (6.05 to 14.35)8.58 (5.53 to 13.31)<0.0001
   No1.001.001.00
 Prevalent physical disease**
   Yes2.18 (1.40 to 3.41)1.72 (1.10 to 2.71)0.0185
   No1.001.00
 Disability level
 High††2.07 (1.36 to 3.16)1.92 (1.21 to 3.05)0.0059
   Low1.001.00
  • *Adjusted for sociodemographics (age, education, marital status, social class, employment).

  • †Adjusted for sociodemographics lifetime MDD.

  • ‡Adjusted for sociodemographics lifetime MDD, prevalent physical disease and disability.

  • §High education: O-level, A-level, degree; low education: refers to no education.

  • ¶Manual: skilled manual, semi-skilled, non-skilled; non-manual: professionals, managerial, skilled non-manual.

  • **Prevalent physical disease: respiratory disease (asthma, bronchitis), allergies (allergies, hay fever), stroke, heart attack, cancer, diabetes, thyroid conditions, arthritis.

  • ††Below the median PCS value of 50.6.

  • ‡‡Not married: single, divorced, separated, widowed.

  • HLEQ, Health and Life Experiences Questionnaire; MDD, major depressive disorder; PCS, physical component summary score; SOC, sense of coherence.