Table 6

Food intake for daily meal (n=1606)

FoodNever
n (%)
Seldom
n (%)
1/week
n (%)
2–4/week
n (%)
5–6/week
n (%)
1+ daily
n (%)
P values
Fruits and vegetables
 Fresh fruits (apples, oranges, pears)*20 (1.3)123 (7.7)165 (10.3)469 (29.3)251 (15.7)572 (35.8)<0.001†
  Green leafy vegetables‡ (lettuce, cabbage, spinach)35 (2.2)99 (6.2)180 (11.2)485 (30.3)293 (18.3)510 (31.8)<0.001
  Other vegetables, carrots, tomatoes, cucumber)§22 (1.4)68 (4.2)85 (5.3)392 (24.4)326 (20.3)708 (44.1)<0.001†
Proteins
  Fish¶128 (8)292 (18.3)609 (38.1)462 (28.9)63 (3.9)45 (2.8)<0.001†
  Beef**354 (22.3)352 (22.1)334 (21)417 (26.2)78 (4.9)56 (3.5)<0.001†
  Lamb††197 (12.4)279 (17.6)397 (25.1)532 (33.6)91 (5.7)88 (5.6)<0.001†
 Chicken*18 (1.1)38 (2.4)177 (11.1)737 (46.1)345 (21.6)285 (17.8)<0.001†
  Meat products (sausages, burgers, shawarma)‡‡276 (17.3)496 (31.1)341 (21.4)305 (19.1)110 (6.9)67 (4.2)<0.001†
  Eggs‡‡102 (6.4)209 (13.1)277 (17.4)580 (36.4)176 (11)251 (15.7)<0.001†
  Legumes (lentils, beans, peas)§§102 (6.4)284 (17.7)391 (24.3)545 (33.9)136 (8.5)128 (8)<0.001†
Milk Products
  Milk, full fat**430 (27)234 (14.7)115 (7.2)245 (15.4)174 (10.9)393 (24.7)<0.001†
  Milk, low fat or skimmed¶¶528 (33.1)317 (19.9)104 (6.5)199 (12.4)120 (12.5)328 (20.6)<0.001†
  Milk product (cheese, yoghourt, milk drinks)***38 (2.4)90 (5.6)100 (6.2)393 (24.5)266 (16.6)716 (44.7)<0.001†
Carbohydrates
  Bread, white§169 (10.6)175 (10.9)81 (5.1)257 (16.1)237 (14.8)682 (42.6)<0.001†
  Bread, whole meal/brown†††432 (27)408 (25.5)131 (8.2)201 (12.6)95 (5.9)331 (20.7)<0.001†
  Cereals (cornflakes, oatmeal)‡‡‡494 (30.9)423 (26.5)225 (14.1)208 (13)75 (4.7)172 (10.7)<0.001†
  Pasta (spaghetti, macaroni, noodles, grits)***72 (4.5)201 (12.5)387 (24.1)469 (29.3)202 (12.6)272 (17)<0.001†
 Snack foods (potato chips, popcorn, chocolates…)*211 (13.2)385 (24.1)307 (19.2)368 (23)135 (8.4)194 (12.1)<0.001†
 Cakes and pastries (cakes, biscuits, sweet pies)*143 (8.9)414 (25.8)351 (21.9)416 (26)126 (7.9)150 (9.4)<0.001†
Others
  Soft drinks (cola drinks)§531 (33.2)335 (20.9)171 (10.7)223 (13.9)111 (6.9)230 (14.4)<0.001†
  Nuts (pistachio, cashew nuts)§§§154 (9.7)501 (31.5)335 (21.1)346 (21.8)79 (5)174 (11)<0.001†
  Fruit Juices¶102 (6.4)217 (13.6)263 (16.4)508 (31.8)204 (12.8)305 (19.1)<0.001†
 Fruit drinks*310 (19.4)321 (20.1)131 (8.2)373 (23.3)158 (9.8)307 (19.1)<0.001†
  Coffee/tea§77 (4.8)82 (5.1)51 (3.2)142 (8.9)216 (13.5)1033 (64.5)<0.001†
  • All p values are computed by one sample χ2 test, with df=5.

  • *Six participants did not answer this question.

  • †Significant at α=0.05 levels.

  • ‡Four participants did not answer this question.

  • §Five participants did not answer this question.

  • ¶Seven participants did not answer this question.

  • **Fifteen participants did not answer this question.

  • ††Twenty-two participants did not answer this question.

  • ‡‡Eleven participants did not answer this question.

  • §§Twenty participants did not answer this question.

  • ¶¶Ten participants did not answer this question.

  • ***Three participants did not answer this question.

  • †††Eight participants did not answer this question.

  • ‡‡‡Nine participants did not answer this question.

  • §§§Seventeen participants did not answer this question.