Table 2

Proportional distribution (%) of the baseline characteristics of subjects enrolled in the closed cohorts at 21 October 2001 in the nine cities of the Italian Network of Longitudinal Metropolitan Studies, by gender

TurinVeniceBolognaModenaReggio EmiliaFlorenceLeghornPratoRomeOverall
MaleFemaleMaleFemaleMaleFemaleMaleFemaleMaleFemaleMaleFemaleMaleFemaleMaleFemaleMaleFemaleMaleFemale
Total (N)393 451437 064124 653139 462166 405193 38981 90489 45865 30271 001138 978159 69663 15668 23976 72781 287997 6521 118 8312 108 2282 358 427
Age group (years)
 00.40.40.80.70.80.71.00.91.21.01.71.41.61.31.91.70.90.80.90.8
 1–1411.29.510.58.79.67.911.910.412.911.510.38.611.610.112.511.312.910.811.910.1
 15–2916.614.515.913.215.012.416.614.617.415.816.113.517.315.419.317.618.116.017.215.1
 30–4931.028.131.027.331.227.332.128.932.329.129.026.329.628.131.429.831.030.231.029.0
 50–6421.221.522.122.120.821.020.120.118.818.421.722.021.721.519.519.620.220.920.621.0
 65+19.626.019.728.022.630.718.325.117.424.221.228.218.223.615.420.016.921.318.424.0
 Missing value0.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.0
 Total100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100
Educational level* (≥30 years old)
 University (ISCED 4–6)14.211.313.59.920.316.514.812.511.910.618.415.411.29.56.86.519.515.817.013.8
 Upper secondary school (ISCED 3A–3B)24.318.123.917.424.719.925.020.324.920.525.120.925.220.520.016.330.725.627.222.0
 Lower secondary and vocational school (ISCED 2, 3C)37.035.635.431.029.726.830.426.534.328.730.926.435.629.534.829.230.630.332.530.4
 Primary school (ISCED 1)21.028.224.735.522.830.426.734.226.133.923.732.024.832.733.638.817.022.920.727.5
 No education (ISCED 0)3.56.82.56.22.56.43.16.52.86.31.95.33.27.84.89.22.25.42.66.3
 Missing value0.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.0
 Total
  (n)
100
(282 454)
100
(330 342)
100
(90 798)
100
(107 923)
100
(124 195)
100
(152 737)
100
(57 713)
100
(66 344)
100
(44 740)
100
(50 935)
100
(102 009)
100
(124 306)
100
(44 818)
100
(50 845)
100
(52 214)
100
(57 735)
100
(679 096)
100
(809 881)
100
(1 478 038)
100
(1 754 997)
Occupational condition (30–64 years old)
 Employed75.252.974.347.177.361.678.462.781.160.777.557.974.444.382.153.776.550.976.553.0
 Unemployed/looking for first occupation6.06.53.83.43.63.42.93.62.53.34.04.55.17.33.55.48.26.66.25.8
 Housewife0.125.80.138.00.015.30.316.10.020.80.021.30.138.70.129.60.132.20.728.5
 Student0.50.50.40.50.60.714.80.40.20.30.70.70.40.50.30.40.60.71.00.6
 Retired15.512.618.89.316.217.41.915.813.913.215.213.616.77.411.69.211.07.612.610.3
 Other conditions2.71.72.01.32.31.61.71.42.31.72.62.03.31.82.41.73.62.03.01.8
 Missing value0.00.00.60.40.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.0
 Total
  (n)
100
(205 511)
100
(216 780)
100
(66 223)
100
(68 930)
100
(86 591)
100
(93 392)
100
(42 735)
100
(43 894)
100
(33 392)
100
(33 766)
100
(70 671)
100
(76 955)
100
(32 586)
100
(33 903)
100
(39 540)
100
(40 569)
100
(510 104)
100
(571 541)
100
(1 089 453)
100
(1 179 730)
Occupational class (30–64  years old)
 Bourgeoisie27.321.328.422.734.527.230.322.926.520.235.728.128.220.925.117.1NANA29.623.1
 Middle class17.436.418.736.317.636.817.336.015.936.016.936.217.137.611.528.2NANA17.035.9
 Self-employed with employees2.61.319.713.23.51.64.52.04.61.93.61.53.01.85.73.2NANA5.32.8
 Self-employed without employees16.812.10.00.019.011.016.010.521.512.519.010.918.015.922.015.9NANA17.911.7
 Skilled working class18.37.215.48.413.17.417.38.617.39.912.17.816.56.517.814.2NANA16.49.2
 Unskilled working class17.621.717.819.412.316.014.620.014.219.512.715.517.217.317.921.4NANA13.817.3
 Missing value0.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.0NANA0.00.0
 Total
  (n)
100
(154 635)
100
(114 738)
100
(49 283)
100
(32 606)
100
(66 930)
100
(57 501)
100
(34 067)
100
(27 510)
100
(27 079)
100
(20 485)
100
(54 752)
100
(44 587)
100
(24 257)
100
(15 025)
100
(32 465)
100
(21 789)
NANA100
(443 468)
100
(334 241)
Civil status (≥ 30  years old)
 Unmarried19.014.019.314.622.317.718.213.318.713.219.216.013.49.914.510.417.114.618.114.5
 Married70.158.170.857.966.152.871.659.671.960.270.556.076.562.977.566.473.459.771.958.7
 Widowed3.919.44.421.55.021.74.320.04.019.94.620.84.420.33.617.73.717.34.018.9
 Separated4.34.63.43.23.83.73.43.63.23.43.33.53.84.02.83.03.74.83.74.3
 Divorced2.73.92.12.82.84.12.53.52.23.32.43.71.92.91.62.52.13.62.33.6
 Missing value0.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.0
 Total
  (n)
100
(282 454)
100
(330 342)
100
(90 798)
100
(107 923)
100
(124 195)
100
(152 737)
100
(57 713)
100
(66 344)
100
(44 740)
100
(50 935)
100
(102 009)
100
(124 306)
100
(44 818)
100
(50 845)
100
(52 214)
100
(57 735)
100
(679 096)
100
(809 881)
100
(1 478 038)
100
(1 751 048)
Housing characteristics†‡
 Well-off12.412.2NANA16.115.627.126.328.127.315.315.211.511.524.324.5NANA16.616.2
 Large houses23.723.2NANA31.330.338.838.739.739.740.940.137.536.943.943.6NANA32.031.5
 Middle-small properties36.937.7NANA31.031.915.616.915.917.126.927.228.128.220.220.4NANA29.630.3
 Small houses24.524.7NANA20.020.616.716.413.613.313.614.114.114.38.08.1NANA19.019.3
 Uncomfortable2.42.1NANA1.41.51.61.52.32.33.33.48.89.13.63.4NANA2.72.6
 Missing value0.10.1NANA0.20.10.20.20.40.40.00.00.00.00.00.0NANA0.10.1
 Total
  (n)
100
(392 145)
100
(435 686)
NANA100
(164 515)
100
(191 196)
100
(81 405)
100
(88 574)
100
(64 839)
100
(70 301)
100
(131 485)
100
(152 245)
100
(59 125)
100
(64 478)
100
(71 535)
100
(76 258)
NANA100
(965 049)
100
(1 078 739)
Household overcrowding†
 Not overcrowded68.672.1NANA81.083.286.188.087.389.185.386.980.281.487.888.7NANA67.380.3
 Overcrowded31.427.9NANA18.816.713.811.912.610.914.713.119.818.612.211.3NANA32.719.7
 Missing value0.00.0NANA0.20.10.10.10.10.00.00.00.00.00.00.0NANA0.00.0
 Total
  (n)
100
(392 145)
100
(435 686)
NANA100
(164 515)
100
(191 196)
100
(81 405)
100
(88 574)
100
(64 839)
100
(70 301)
100
(131 485)
100
(152 245)
100
(59 125)
100
(64 478)
100
(71 535)
100
(76 258)
NANA100
(965 049)
100
(1 078 739)
Citizenship
 Italian96.296.598.298.496.396.594.794.695.195.798.398.298.998.795.595.997.797.297.197.0
 Highly developed countries0.20.41.51.10.40.50.30.30.20.30.20.50.10.20.20.40.30.60.40.5
 High migratory pressure countries3.63.10.30.53.33.05.05.14.74.01.51.31.01.14.33.72.02.22.52.5
 Missing value0.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.0
 Total100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100100
  • *Education is the highest attained level of education. For each educational level the correspondence with the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) is provided.

  • †Variable available only for non-institutionalised individuals.

  • ‡Composite variable that combines housing ownership, home dimension, availability of toilets inside the house and availability of heating system.

  • NA, not available; in the Venetian data it is not possible to distinguish between self-employed with or without employees.