Table 2

Crude ORs of facility-based delivery for first birth by age, for each country

CountryCrude OR of facility-based delivery, using 15–19 as reference*
20–24≥25
OR (95% CI)P values†OR (95% CI)P values†
Sub-Saharan Africa1.73 (1.61 to 1.85)<0.00013.52 (3.12 to 3.95)<0.0001
Benin1.08 (0.81 to 1.44)0.6071.25 (0.81 to 1.93)0.318
Burkina Faso1.56 (1.25 to 1.97)<0.00012.39 (1.53 to 3.72)<0.0001
Burundi1.41 (1.05 to 1.91)0.0252.05 (1.26 to 3.33)0.004
Cameroon2.48 (1.90 to 3.25)<0.00015.46 (3.18 to 9.38)<0.0001
Chad1.05 (0.72 to 1.53)0.7981.57 (0.75 to 3.28)0.228
Comoros2.32 (1.12 to 4.78)0.0235.11 (2.35 to 11.11)<0.0001
Congo-B1.81 (1.05 to 3.10)0.0322.53 (0.96 to 6.69)0.062
Cote d’Ivoire1.62 (1.19 to 2.19)0.0023.13 (1.84 to 5.34)<0.0001
DRC1.22 (0.96 to 1.56)0.1051.72 (1.09 to 2.71)0.020
Ethiopia2.41 (1.68 to 3.47)<0.00014.79 (2.90 to 7.91)<0.0001
Gabon2.68 (1.45 to 4.94)0.0021.39 (0.45 to 4.27)0.567
Gambia1.45 (1.10 to 1.91)0.0092.16 (1.37 to 3.41)0.001
Ghana1.82 (1.23 to 2.69)0.0034.59 (2.77 to 7.58)<0.0001
Guinea1.52 (1.19 to 1.95)0.0012.50 (1.53 to 4.08)<0.0001
Kenya2.33 (1.92 to 2.84)<0.00017.15 (4.69 to 10.92)<0.0001
Lesotho1.85 (1.35 to 2.53)<0.00014.03 (2.17 to 7.50)<0.0001
Liberia0.83 (0.58 to 1.20)0.3232.96 (1.54 to 5.71)0.001
Madagascar1.50 (1.19 to 1.90)0.0013.05 (2.19 to 4.25)<0.0001
Malawi1.38 (1.08 to 1.76)0.0101.79 (0.84 to 3.82)0.129
Mali0.92 (0.70 to 1.20)0.5301.46 (0.98 to 2.17)0.065
Mozambique1.04 (0.80 to 1.33)0.7820.94 (0.61 to 1.46)0.789
Namibia2.46 (1.44 to 4.21)0.0014.48 (1.75 to 11.44)0.002
Niger1.38 (1.05 to 1.81)0.0222.14 (1.35 to 3.40)0.001
Nigeria3.14 (2.70 to 3.65)<0.00018.53 (6.85 to 10.61)<0.0001
Rwanda2.30 (1.35 to 3.91)0.0023.01 (1.35 to 6.70)0.007
Sao Tome and Principe2.00 (0.85 to 4.72)0.1132.30 (0.27 to 19.81)0.447
Senegal2.64 (1.76 to 3.97)<0.00015.77 (2.84 to 11.72)<0.0001
Sierra Leone1.23 (0.99 to 1.52)0.0621.24 (0.85 to 1.81)0.273
Swaziland3.09 (1.79 to 5.33)<0.000122.80 (3.09 to 168.30)0.002
Tanzania2.16 (1.60 to 2.92)<0.00013.43 (1.95 to 6.03)<0.0001
Togo1.74 (1.25 to 2.42)0.0014.33 (2.55 to 7.35)<0.0001
Uganda1.59 (1.17 to 2.15)0.0033.48 (1.68 to 7.19)0.001
Zambia1.79 (1.38 to 2.33)<0.00014.03 (2.17 to 7.51)<0.0001
Zimbabwe2.09 (1.60 to 2.73)<0.00012.31 (1.45 to 3.68)<0.0001
  • Green indicates increased odds of facility-based delivery compared with those aged 15–19. Darkest green highlights the highest increase in odds of facility-based delivery within that row, compared with those aged 15–19. Orange indicating reduced odds of facility-based delivery compared with those aged 15–19.

  • *Done after dropping 11–14 s and unknown delivery location.

  • †Wald test p value.