Table 4

Characteristics and factors associated with perinatal mortality in five states in India, February–April 2014

AliveDeadP value
n=1345%n=76%
Maternal demographic characteristics
 Rural or tribal geography124392.47294.70.652
 State
  Andhra Pradesh36427.11418.40.972
  Assam18713.91215.80.645
  Gujarat44433.03140.80.162
  Karnataka32524.21418.40.253
  Meghalaya251.956.6 0.019
 Social status
  Other caste27020.11215.80.356
  Non-other caste107179.66484.2
 Economic status
  Pink ration card39629.42431.60.639
  White ration card93069.15065.8
 Education level
  No prior schooling48936.43242.10.332
  Attended school81160.34255.3
 Homemaker101475.45977.60.658
 ≥2 years since prior delivery42331.42330.30.802
Maternal prenatal characteristics
 Prenatal iron supplementation112983.96078.90.248
 ≥1 visit with a physician104677.85775.00.532
 <4 Antenatal care visits67750.34964.5 0.019
Current maternal and neonatal care
 Any abnormal maternal vital sign26419.62735.5 0.019
 Caesarean section1078.01317.1 0.005
 Delivery prior to hospital admission735.467.90.361
 In-hospital119789.06889.50.911
 Intravenously placed in mother14811.01317.10.103
 Intravenous fluids given to mother564.2911.8 0.018
 Maternal tachycardia (heart rate≥100)1027.61013.20.081
 Left lateral position during transport128795.76990.8 0.047
 Premature rupture of membranes624.6810.5 0.021
 Preterm (<37 weeks)16712.41823.7 0.005
 Twin332.579.2 0.001
  • Numbers in bold are statistically signficant at p value <0.05.