Table 1

Characteristics of study participants*

CharacteristicsnMen (n=7979)nWomen (n=18 361)
Age, year54.0 (9.3)52.6 (9.0)
Total fruit and vegetable, serving/day4.9 (2.7)5.6 (2.6)
Vegetable, serving/day2.1 (1.4)2.7 (1.5)
Fruit, serving/day1.8 (1.4)2.3 (1.3)
100% fruit or vegetable juice, serving/day0.9 (1.1)0.6 (0.9)
Total fruit and vegetable ≥7 servings/day, n (%)1750 (21.9)5803 (31.6)
Body weight, kg85.0 (17.8)76.7 (17.8)
Body height, cm171.8 (8.4)164.4 (6.7)
Body mass index, kg/m2 28.7 (5.6)28.4 (6.3)
Waist circumference, cm97.0 (14.0)92.7 (15.0)
Hip circumference, cm104.7 (10.7)106.1 (12.8)
Waist to hip ratio0.93 (0.10)0.87 (0.09)
Percentage fat mass, %531130.8 (9.4)13 00534.7 (8.8)
Fat mass index, kg/m2 53079.1 (4.3)12 99710.1 (4.4)
Fat-free mass index, kg/m2 530619.4 (3.2)12 99618.0 (3.1)
Province, n (%)
  Nova Scotia4272 (53.5)9639 (52.5)
  New Brunswick2283 (28.6)5424 (29.5)
 Newfoundland and Labrador1194 (15.0)2630 (14.3)
  Prince Edward Island230 (2.9)668 (3.6)
Ethnicity, n (%)
  White7178 (90.0)16 016 (87.2)
  Non-white447 (5.6)1218 (6.6)
  DNK/PNA354 (4.4)1127 (6.1)
Education, n (%)
  Less than high school1550 (19.4)3293 (17.9)
  College level2978 (37.3)7799 (42.5)
  University level or higher3430 (43.0)7217 (39.3)
  DNK/PNA21 (0.3)52 (0.3)
Marital status, n (%)
  Married or living together6971 (87.4)14 120 (76.9)
  Single, divorced, separated or widowed988 (12.4)4185 (22.8)
  DNK/PNA20 (0.3)56 (0.3)
Smoking status, n (%)
  Never3796 (47.6)9461 (51.5)
  Former3381 (42.4)7023 (38.2)
  Current763 (9.6)1719 (9.4)
  DNK/PNA39 (0.5)158 (0.9)
Alcohol drinking, n (%)
  Abstainer810 (10.2)1985 (10.8)
  Occasional drinker2322 (29.1)8489 (46.2)
  Regular drinker2793 (35.0)5224 (28.5)
  Habitual drinker1833 (23.0)2412 (13.1)
  DNK/PNA221 (2.8)251 (1.4)
Total physical activity, n (%)
  Low2615 (32.8)6032 (32.9)
  Medium2725 (34.2)6144 (33.5)
  High2628 (33.0)6162 (33.6)
Chronic disease†, yes, n (%)2618 (32.8)4767 (26.0)
Obesity‡, yes, n (%)2774 (34.8)6144 (33.5)
Abdominal obesity§, yes, n (%)2590 (32.5)10 951 (59.6)
  • *Data are means (SD) and number of participants (percentage). Percentages may not total 100 due to rounding.

  • †Self-reported diabetes mellitus and/or current use of antidiabetic medications, self-reported CVD and/or current use of medications for CVD treatment and self-reported cancer.

  • ‡BMI ≥30 kg/m2.

  • §Waist circumference ≥102 cm for men and ≥88 cm for women.

  • BMI, body mass index; CVD, cardiovascular disease; DNK, do not know; PNA, prefer not to answer.