Table 2

Associations between 1 SD increment of fruit and vegetable intake with adiposity measurements

β (95% CI)
BMIWaist circumferencePercentage fat massFat mass index
Total fruit and vegetable
  Simple model*−0.18 (−0.25 to –0.12)−0.67 (−0.85 to –0.50)−0.36 (−0.49 to –0.23)−0.16 (−0.21 to –0.10)
  Multivariable model†−0.12 (−0.19 to –0.05)−0.40 (−0.58 to –0.23)−0.30 (−0.44 to –0.17)−0.14 (−0.19 to –0.08)
Vegetable
  Simple model*−0.11 (−0.18 to –0.05)−0.52 (−0.70 to –0.35)−0.25 (−0.38 to –0.11)−0.11 (−0.16 to –0.05)
  Multivariable model†−0.05 (−0.11 to  0.02)−0.25 (−0.43 to –0.08)−0.18 (−0.31 to –0.04)−0.08 (−0.14 to –0.03)
  Additional adjustment for fruit and fruit or vegetable juice−0.01 (−0.08 to 0.06)−0.13 (−0.32 to 0.06)−0.06 (−0.21 to 0.08)−0.03 (−0.10 to 0.03)
Fruit
  Simple model*−0.14 (−0.21 to –0.08)−0.57 (−0.74 to –0.39)−0.35 (−0.48 to –0.21)−0.15 (−0.21 to –0.10)
  Multivariable model†−0.09 (−0.16 to –0.03)−0.36 (−0.53 to –0.18)−0.31 (−0.44 to –0.17)−0.14 (−0.19 to –0.08)
  Additional adjustment for vegetable and fruit or vegetable juice−0.08 (−0.15 to –0.01)−0.29 (−0.48 to –0.10)−0.27 (−0.42 to –0.13)−0.12 (−0.18 to –0.06)
Fruit or vegetable juice
  Simple model*−0.13 (−0.19 to –0.06)−0.25 (−0.42 to –0.07)−0.13 (−0.26 to  0.01)−0.06 (−0.11 to –0.00)
  Multivariable model†−0.12 (−0.18 to –0.05)−0.20 (−0.37 to –0.03)−0.11 (−0.25 to  0.02)−0.05 (−0.10 to  0.01)
  Additional adjustment for vegetable and fruit−0.11 (−0.18 to –0.05)−0.17 (−0.35 to  0.00)−0.09 (−0.22 to 0.04)−0.04 (−0.09 to 0.02)
  • *Adjusted for age, sex and province.

  • †Adjusted for age, sex, province, ethnicity, education, marital status, smoking, alcohol use, physical activity and chronic disease.

  • BMI, body mass index.