Table 3

Demographic characteristics of participants stratified by the London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy (LMUP) intention score categories

Women’s characteristicsTotal
(n=2105)
Unplanned
(n=959)
Ambivalent
(n=607)
Planned
(n=539)
P values*
Age (years)28 (24–33)28 (24–32)28 (25–33)29 (25–33)<0.001
Age category
 18–24532 (25)274 (29)150 (25)108 (20)
  25–341235 (59)548 (57)356 (59)331 (61)0.004
  35–44338 (16)137 (14)101 (17)100 (19)
Parity1 (1–2)1 (1–2)1 (1–2)1 (1–2)<0.001
Completed high school
  Yes601 (29)236 (25)205 (34)160 (30)<0.001
Level of education
 Primary73 (3)38 (4)16 (3)19 (3)
 Secondary1973 (94)889 (93)574 (94)510 (95)0.309
 Tertiary59 (3)32 (3)17 (3)10 (2)
Employment status
 Employed833 (39)352 (37)265 (44)212 (39)0.022
Housing
  Informal1100 (52)476 (50)307 (51)317 (59)0.002
Socioeconomic status
  Low524 (25)274 (29)118 (19)132 (25)
  Low-moderate469 (22)195 (20)143 (24)131 (24)0.004
  Moderate-high565 (27)251 (26)167 (28)147 (27)
  High541 (26)238 (25)175 (29)128 (24)
Married/cohabiting
  Yes882 (43)273 (30)242 (40)367 (69)<0.001
Disclosed HIV status to current partner (HIV+ women)816 (55)367 (50)214 (56)235 (64)<0.001
Intention of current pregnancy
  Unintended1347 (64)950 (99)346 (57)51 (9)
  Intended752 (36)8 (1)256 (42)488 (91)<0.001
  Unsure5 (0)0 (0)5 (1)0 (0)
Used contraceptive in the past 12 months1459 (69)721 (75)427 (70)311 (58)<0.001
Contraceptive method used in the past 12 months
  None646 (31)238 (25)180 (30)228 (42)
  Oral contraceptive57 (3)26 (3)16 (3)15 (3)
  Injectable752 (36)335 (35)233 (38)184 (34)<0.001
  IUD8 (0)4 (0)2 (0)2 (0)
  Sterilisation1 (0)0 (0)1 (0)0 (0)
  Condom641 (30)356 (37)175 (29)110 (20)
Discussed family planning with partner in the past 12 months964 (49)234 (26)347 (60)383 (78)<0.001
  • Values are given as number (percentage) or median (IQR).

  • 2 or Fisher’s exact tests were used to assess bivariate associations.

  • IUD, intrauterine device.