Table 3

Odds ratio (OR) of DM in rural compared with urban dwellers among 25–74 year-old citizens in the Yangon Region, Myanmar, from logistic regression

Crude model*Model 1* adjusted total effectModel 2* adjusted direct effect
OR (95% CI)OR (95%  CI)OR (95%  CI)
 Rural0.41 (0.22 to 0.79)0.39 (0.20 to 0.76)0.38 (0.22 to 0.65)
  • Model 1: adjusted for age, gender, income and education.

  • Model 2: additionally adjusted for smoking, fruit and vegetable intake, current alcohol consumption, low physical activity, BMI and waist circumference.

  • *79 participants with missing value for income excluded in all models.

  • BMI, body mass index; DM, diabetes mellitus.