Table 3

Per patient healthcare utilisation costs and informal care costs of patients experiencing hypoglycaemia in 4 weeks after baseline

Unit costs
(€) 2016
All (n=332)T1DM (n=130)T2DM (n=202)
All (n=332)All (n=130)Patients with SH (n=13)Patients with NSH (n=117)All (n=202)Patients with SH (n=30)Patients with NSH (n=172)
Patients indicated the following hypoglycaemia events (in the last 4 weeks)
 Event resulting in hospital admission, mean costs (SD)€480.29*€79 (€296)€33 (€226)€329 (€665)€0 (€0)€109 (€331)€737 (€530)€0 (€0)
 Event requiring assistance from medical personnel but not requiring hospital admission, mean costs (SD)476.51†€9 (€64)€4 (€42)€37 (€134)€0 (€0)€12 (€75)€81 (€183)€0 (€0)
 Event requiring assistance from another person to administer carbohydrate and/or glucagon (informal care), mean costs (SD)€14.13€4 (€21)€2 (€7)€20 (€12)€0 (€0)€5 (€27)€37 (€62)€0 (€0)
Patients indicated the following actions (if they experienced a hypoglycaemic event in the last 4 weeks)
 Attended additional clinical appointments with doctor/nurse, mean costs (SD)€91.82/€33.30€2 (€18)€3 (€28)€21 (€76)€1 (€14)€1 (€5)€2 (€10)€0 (€4)
 Made additional telephone contacts with doctor/nurse, mean costs (SD)€17.15€3 (€11)€3 (€11)€17 (€27)€1 (€6)€3 (€10)€5 (€11)€2 (€10)
 Consulted another healthcare professional, mean costs (SD)€14.13–€17.15€0 (€1)€0 (€2)€0 (€0)€0 (€2)€0 (€1)€0 (€0)€0 (€1)
 Increased the number of blood glucose checks per day, mean costs (SD)‡€0.27€1 (€2)€2 (€2)€2 (€2)€2 (€2)€1 (€3)€2 (€5)€1 (€2)
Total healthcare utilisation and informal care costs, mean costs (SD)€98 (€325)€46 (€248)€426 (€696)€4 (€16)€131 (€363)€863 (€512)€4 (€12)
  • *Besides inpatient day(s) (€480.29) it is assumed this event required an ambulance (€618.53) and an intravenous infusion (or injection) with glucose (€6.63).

  • †Besides an ambulance (€618.53; 75%) or visit by a general practitioner (€50.45; 25%), it is assumed that this event required an intravenous infusion (or injection) with glucose (€6.63; 75% and €6.12; 25%).

  • ‡Patients could choose between 1, 2 or 3+ extra tests. If they reported 3+ tests, costs of blood glucose checks were based on the costs of three tests.

  • NSH, non-severe hypoglycaemia; SH, severe hypoglycaemia; T1DM, type 1 diabetes; T2DM, type 2 diabetes.