Table 1

Inclusion and exclusion criteria

Inclusion criteriaExclusion criteria
  • Coronary artery bypass graft and mitral/aortic valve replacement patients recovering from sternotomy and eligible for cardiac rehabilitation exercise training in accordance with UK standards27;

  • Able to provide written informed consent;

  • Male or female;

  • 18–90 years of age.

  • Serious cardiac arrhythmias;

  • Current neurological disorders or previous cerebral vascular accident with residual neurological deficit significant enough to limit exercise;

  • Unable to enrol for the full study duration;

  • Inability to comply with guidelines for participation in exercise training53 54;

  • Significant limiting comorbidities that would prevent full participation.