Table 2

Data missing due to ‘not applicable’ and standardised factor loadings for the one-factor model of the Derriford Appearance Scale-24 using the SM and MM for the SSc and visible difference samples

ItemSScVisible difference
Not applicable, n (%)SM
λ
MM
λ
Not applicable, n (%)SM
λ
MM
λ
1. Feeling confident0.650.680.680.71
2. Distressed at reflection0.770.770.770.79
3. Irritable at home*207 (21.8)0.760.76204 (16.1)0.750.80
4. Feel hurt†0.780.7977 (6.1)0.780.81
5. Self-consciousness affects work*415 (43.7)0.450.80401 (31.7)0.580.77
6. Distressed at beach*289 (30.4)0.480.77241 (19.1)0.640.77
7. Misjudged due to appearance*260 (27.4)0.650.69237 (18.7)0.600.65
8. Feel feminine/masculine0.570.620.570.62
9. Self-conscious of appearance*128 (13.5)0.730.7179 (6.2)0.750.77
10. Feel irritable0.730.730.720.74
11. Adopt concealing gestures0.680.650.680.66
12. Avoid communal changing*377 (39.7)0.360.64248 (19.6)0.550.67
13. Distressed in supermarkets/department stores*113 (11.9)0.650.73101 (8.0)0.660.74
14. Feel rejected0.790.790.820.82
15. Avoid undressing with partner*249 (26.2)0.440.72351 (27.7)0.410.72
16. Distressed playing sports/games*462 (48.6)0.180.71460 (36.4)0.430.74
17. Close into shell0.770.790.740.75
18. Distressed by clothing limitations*285 (30.0)0.670.73343 (27.1)0.620.74
19. Distressed at social events*104 (10.9)0.760.8485 (6.7)0.750.84
20. Feel normal0.730.760.730.76
21. Affects sex life*266 (28.0)0.500.76321 (25.9)0.560.77
22. Avoid leaving house0.730.760.750.78
23. Distressed at others remarks about appearance*312 (32.8)0.650.71212 (16.8)0.670.75
24. Avoid pubs/restaurants*137 (14.4)0.620.7898 (7.7)0.590.78
  • *Items with the ‘not applicable’ option.

  • †This item contained ‘0/not applicable’ responses in the visible difference data but was scored using the 1–4 scale only in the SSc sample; ps for all factor loadings <0.001.

  • MM, missing method (‘not applicable’ scored as missing); SM, standard method (‘not applicable’ scored as 0); SSc, systemic sclerosis.