Table 2

Descriptive characteristics of patients with non-specific chest pain and the background population

Patients with NSCPBackground populationP value
N=229N=722
Male98 (43)295 (45)0.48
Age (years)57±955±50.008
 30–397 (3)0.001
 40–4946 (20)
 50–5976 (33)316 (44)
 60–70100 (44)406 (56)
Hypertension91 (40)266 (37)0.460
Hypercholesterolaemia97 (42)126 (18)0.001
Diabetes22 (10)59 (8)0.51
Family history of CVD124 (54)287 (40)0.001
Smoking58 (25)314 (44)0.001
Previous smoker74 (32)197 (27)0.142
Non-smoker97 (42)211 (29)0.001
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)144±30137±190.001
Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)97±12283±100.002
Heart rate74±1471±140.001
Total cholesterol (mmol/L)5.2±1.15.5±1.10.005
LDL cholesterol (mmol/L)3.1±0.93.2±0.90.070
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L)1.4±0.51.5±0.50.080
BMI (kg/m2)27±627±50.715
CAC score (AU)2 (0–74)1 (0–54)0.229
 0106 (46)350 (48)0.679
 1–9974 (32)238 (33)0.897
 ≥10049 (22)134 (19)0.438
  • Values are n (%), mean±SD or median (IQR).

  • AU, Agatston unit; BMI, body mass index; CAC, coronary artery calcification; CVD, cardiovascular disease; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; LDL, low-density lipoprotein; NSCP, non-specific chest pain.