Table 2

HR for heart failure in patients following a first MI using multivariable Cox regression

Model 1
n=24 479
n events=5775
Model 2
n=24 479
n events=5775
Model 3
n=24 479
n events=5775
Model 4
n=24 479
n events=5775
HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)HR (95% CI)
Age, per 10 years1.51 (1.48 to 1.55)1.49 (1.46 to 1.53)1.46 (1.43 to 1.50)1.45 (1.41 to 1.49)
Men1.06 (1.00 to 1.12)1.08 (1.02 to 1.14)1.07 (1.01 to 1.13)1.06 (1.00 to 1.12)
Index of Multiple DeprivationOverall  P≤0.001Overall P≤0.001Overall P≤0.001
 Q1 (least deprived)ReferenceReferenceReference
 Q21.09 (0.99 to 1.20)1.09 (0.99 to 1.20)1.08 (0.99 to 1.19)
 Q31.20 (1.09 to 1.33)1.20 (1.08 to 1.32)1.18 (1.07 to 1.31)
 Q41.20 (1.08 to 1.33)1.20 (1.08 to 1.33)1.17 (1.06 to 1.30)
 Q5 (most deprived)1.30 (1.16 to 1.45)1.30 (1.16 to 1.45)1.27 (1.13 to 1.41)
History of hypertension1.19 (1.12 to 1.26)1.17 (1.10 to 1.24)1.16 (1.09 to 1.23)
History of diabetes1.48 (1.38 to 1.60)1.49 (1.38 to 1.60)1.45 (1.35 to 1.56)
History of atrial fibrillation1.65 (1.53 to 1.77)1.62 (1.51 to 1.75)
Type of MI
STEMI
1.17 (1.10 to 1.26)1.19 (1.11 to 1.27)
History of peripheral arterial disease1.38 (1.26 to 1.51)
History of COPD1.28 (1.17 to 1.40)
Prescribed ACE inhibitor before MI1.06 (0.99 to 1.13)
Prescribed angiotensin receptor blocker before MI1.00 (0.89 to 1.11)
Prescribed beta-blocker before MI0.93 (0.88 to 1.00)
  • All analyses presented in table 2 were performed on a complete case dataset of 24 479 subjects.

  • COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; MI, myocardial infarction; Q, quintile; STEMI, ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction.