Table 1

Characteristics of maximal exercise test participants

Male, 
n=6462
Female, 
n=3628
P value
Age (years)46.0 (7.09)46.1 (6.87)0.620
V̇O2peak
 Relative (mL/kg/min/)35.4 (7.68)28.9 (6.66)<0.001
 Absolute (L/min)3.00 (0.60)1.96 (0.43)<0.001
Weight (kg)85.9 (13.2)69.1 (13.5)<0.001
Height (cm)181 (7.14)168 (6.87)<0.001
BMI (kg/m2)26.2 (3.63)24.6 (4.67)<0.001
Body fat (calliper) (%)23.1 (6.27)30.8 (7.50)<0.001
Blood pressure
 Systolic (mm Hg)128 (15.4)120 (16.6)<0.001
 Diastolic (mm Hg)83.1 (8.95)78.3 (9.28)<0.001
Blood glucose (mg/dL)97.1 (14.5)92.2 (14.5)<0.001
HbA1c (%)5.42 (1.43)5.41 (1.52)0.756
Total cholesterol (mg/dL)216 (39.1)211 (38.4)<0.001
HDL cholesterol (mg/dL)54.1 (12.4)67.6 (15.1)<0.001
LDL cholesterol (mg/dL)136 (35.9)124 (41.6)<0.001
Triglycerides (mg/dL)135 (88.1)100 (63.7)<0.001
No (%) of smoker867 (13.5)522 (14.5)0.182
No (%) of former smoker1634 (29.6)910 (29.7)0.928
  • Values are mean (SD) unless stated otherwise. P values were calculated using Student’s t-test for two independent samples or χ2 test as appropriate.

  • BMI, body mass index; HbA1c, glycated haemoglobin; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; LDL, low-density lipoprotein; V̇O2peak , peak oxygen uptake.