Table 2

Antenatal obstetric characteristics of the study population (N=32 321)

GazaWest BankP value
Hospital 1
(n=4674)
n (%)
Hospital 2
(n=4895)
n (%)
Hospital 3
(n=10 849)
n (%)
Hospital 4
(n=5519)
n (%)
Hospital 5
(n=3626)
n (%)
Hospital 6
(n=2758)
n (%)
Parity
 Primiparous1072 (22.9)1223 (25.0)2846 (26.2)1217 (22.1)1002 (27.6)749 (27.2)<0.001*
 Parous3600 (77.1)3672 (75.0)8001 (73.8)4302 (77.9)2624 (72.4)2008 (72.8)
 Missing202001
No of children alive among parous women, median (IQR)2 (2)2 (3)1 (3)2 (3)1 (3)1 (3)<0.001†
Previous caesarean section among parous women
 03419 (95.0)3393 (92.4)7161 (89.5)3704 (86.1)2295 (87.5)1869 (93.1)<0.001*
 1181 (5.0)279 (7.6)840 (10.5)598 (13.9)329 (12.5)139 (6.9)
No of antenatal visits, mean (SD)5.12 (1.97)5.75 (1.98)5.53 (1.97)9.06 (3.06)8.60 (2.16)9.64 (3.42)<0.001†
No of antenatal visits
 ≤3947 (20.3)181 (3.7)1358 (12.5)221 (4.0)84 (2.3)103 (3.7)<0.001*
 4–73171 (67.9)3783 (77.4)7334 (67.7)1068 (19.4)677 (18.7)439 (16.0)
 ≥8553 (11.8)923 (18.9)2146 (19.8)4212 (76.6)2859 (79.0)2209 (67.1)
 Missing38111867
In vitro fertilisation treatment
 Yes26 (0.6)13 (0.3)35 (0.3)32 (0.6)19 (0.5)14 (0.5)<0.043*
 No4476 (99.4)4809 (99.7)10 507 (99.7)5471 (99.4)3592 (99.5)2723 (99.5)
 Missing17273307161521
Hypertensive disorder
 Yes155 (3.3)147 (3.0)473 (4.4)158 (2.9)68 (1.9)26 (0.9)<0.001*
 No/unknown4519 (96.7)4748 (97.0)10 376 (95.6)5361 (97.1)3558 (98.1)2732 (99.1)
Induction of labour
 Yes373 (8.0)549 (11.2)1424 (13.1)1027 (18.6)601 (16.6)324 (11.7)<0.001*
 No/unknown4301 (92.0)4346 (88.8)9425 (86.9)4492 (81.4)3025 (83.4)2434 (88.3)
  • *P value from χ2 test is used to test the difference between hospitals.

  • †P value from analysis of variance is used to test the difference between hospitals.