Table 2

Characteristics of the target population according to tertile of optimism: (n=4919)

n=4919Optimism tertile
Total sampleLeast optimisticMid optimisticMost optimistic
Tertile of LOT-R score (Optimism)I (6–21)II (22–25)III (26–30)P
N=4919N=1926N=1772N=1221
Age, M (SE)42.3 (0.4)40.8 (0.6)42.3 (0.6)44.7 (0.7)<0.001
Sex, n (%)0.64
 Women2532 (54.6)938 (37.1)973 (38.4)621 (24.5)
Marital status, n (%)0.02
 Married/Living as married/Living with a partner2262 (48.8)789 (34.9)866 (38.3)608 (26.9)
 Other*2372 (51.2)952 (40.1)875 (36.9)545 (23.0)
Health insurance status, n (%)0.76
 Has health insurance2415 (52.1)905 (37.5)924 (38.3)586 (24.3)
 Does not have health
 Insurance
2220 (47.9)836 (37.7)817 (36.8)567 (25.5)
Hispanic Latino Group, n (%)<0.001
 Mexican1734 (37.4)718 (41.4)663 (38.2)353 (20.3)
 Cuban933 (20.1)253 (27.1)322 (34.6)357 (38.3)
 Puerto Rican719 (15.5)332 (46.2)271 (37.7)115 (16.0)
 Dominican532 (11.5)188 (35.3)205 (38.5)140 (26.2)
 Central341 (7.4)106 (31.2)135 (39.6)99 (29.1)
 South American217 (4.7)69 (32.0)82 (37.6)66 (30.3)
 Other159 (3.4)75 (46.8)62 (38.8)23 (14.3)
Education level, n (%)<0.001
 <High school1506 (32.5)702 (46.6)509 (33.8)295 (19.6)
 High school graduate1297 (28.0)526 (40.5)501 (38.7)270 (20.8)
 Greater than high school1832 (39.5)514 (28.1)730 (39.9)588 (32.1)
Income level, n (%)<0.001
 <US$20 0002150 (46.4)912 (42.4)747 (34.8)491 (22.8)
 US$20 000–US$50 0001635 (35.3)576 (35.2)665 (40.6)395 (24.1)
 >US$50 000456 (9.8)116 (25.4)195 (42.8)145 (31.7)
 Not reported394 (8.5)137 (34.9)133 (33.9)123 (31.2)
Nativity, n (%)<0.001
 Born in US mainland1033 (22.3)498 (48.2)351 (34.0)185 (17.9)
 Immigrated ≥10 years ago1258 (27.2)372 (29.5)477 (37.9)409 (32.5)
 Immigrated <10 years ago2342 (50.5)872 (37.2)912 (38.9)559 (23.9)
Language preference, N (%) Spanish3488 (75.3)1211 (34.7)1316 (37.7)962 (27.6)<0.001
Depression (CES-D%), M (SE)7.2 (0.1)8.9 (0.3)6.4 (0.2)5.6 (0.2)<0.001
Physical health (SF-12), M (SE)49.8 (0.2)49.2 (0.4)50.1 (0.3)50.1 (0.4)0.12
Prevalent coronary heart disease, n (%)193 (4.2)68 (35.3)69 (35.7)56 (28.9)0.49