Table 2

Prevalence of emotional, physical and sexual abuse among antenatal women in the capital District and the tea plantation sector of Sri Lanka

TotalCapital districtTea plantationP value
n=2088 (%)n=1314 (%)n=774 (%)
Have you ever been afraid of anyone within your family?
 Yes508 (24.4)174 (13.2)334 (43.3)
 No1577 (75.6)1140 (86.8)437 (56.7)P<0.001
Have you ever been emotionally or physically abused by someone important to you in the family?
 Yes757 (36.3)399 (30.4)358 (46.3)
 No1331 (63.7)915 (69.6)416 (53.7)P<0.001
Within the last year, have you been hit, slapped, kicked or otherwise physically hurt by someone in the family?
 Yes316 (15.1)120 (9.1%)196 (25.3%)
 No1772 (84.9)1194 (90.9%)578 (74.7%)P<0.001
Within the last year has anyone in the family forced you to have sexual activities?
 Yes37 (1.8)22 (1.7)15 (1.9)
 No2051 (98.2)1292 (98.3%)759 (98.1)P=0.66
Since you have been pregnant, have you been hit, slapped, kicked or otherwise physically hurt by someone in the family?
 Yes134 (6.4)53 (4.0)81 (10.5)
 No1954 (93.6)1261 (96.0)693 (89.5)P<0.001
Ever abused *
 Yes807 (38.6)414 (31.5)393 (50.8)
 No1281 (61.4)900 (68.5)381 (49.2)P<0.001
Currently abused†
 Yes332 (15.9)132 (10.0)200 (25.8)
 No1756 (84.1)1182 (90.0)574 (74.2)P<0.001
Distance‡
 Near1173 (56.2)1077 (82.0)96 (12.4)
 Far915 (43.8)237 (18.0)678 (87.6)P<0.001
Ever being asked by a healthcare worker about abuse
 Ever810 (38.8)726 (55.3)84 (10.9)
 Never1278 (61.2)588 (44.7)690 (89.1)P<0.001
Disclosure of abuse to a healthcare worker among ‘ever abused’
N§=791 (%) n=413 (%) n=378 (%)
 Ever69 (8.7)55 (13.3)14 (3.7)
 Never722 (91.3)358 (86.7)364 (96.3)P<0.001
  • *Ever abused—ever been emotionally or physically abused and/or physically abused last year and/or physically abused during pregnancy and/or sexually abused last year were combined and labelled as ‘ever abused’.

  • †Currently abused—physically abused last year and/or sexually abused last year were combined and labelled as ‘currently abused’.

  • ‡Distance from the residence to the nearest gender-based violence care centre—near (<11 km) and far(>11 km).

  • §Although the number of ‘ever abused’ was 807, a total of 791 participants had responded to the particular question regarding disclosure.