Table 1

Modified Kirkpatrick’s framework (adapted from Barr’s six-level classification)

Level 1Participant reactionLearners’ views on the learning experience and its interprofessional nature
Level 2aChange in attitudesChanges in attitudes towards team members of the interprofessional groups
Level 2bChange in knowledge or skillsIncluding knowledge and skills related to the interprofessional activity
Level 3Behavioural changeIdentify individual transfer of interprofessional learning
Level 4aChange in organisational practiceWider change in organisational practice and delivery of care
Level 4bChange in clinical outcomeImprovement in change in patient care
  • *Adapted with permission from Barr et al.2