Table 3

Shoulder dystocia

2011–20122014–2015P value
Cases, n (%)268 (1.7)290 (2.3)0.001
Live born, n (%)268 (100)290 (100)1.00
Internal manoeuvres, n (%)51 (19)54 (19)0.91
Interval between head and body2.0 (IQR 1–3)2.0 (IQR 1–2)0.04
Brachial plexus injury, n (%)17 (6)10 (3)0.12
Fracture*, n (%)14 (5)7 (2)0.12
Apgar <7 at 5 min, n (%)21 (8)15 (5)0.31
Lactate >8 mg/dL, n (%)12 (4)22 (8)0.16
Admission SCN/NICU, n (%)87 (32)74 (26)0.08
Major perineal trauma, n (%)31 (12)27 (9)0.41
Third degree tear, n (%)28 (10)26 (9)0.48
Fourth degree tear, n (%)3 (1)1 (0.3)0.36
Management sheet completed, n (%)63 (24)48 (17)0.04
  • *Humerus or clavicle.

  • NICU, neonatal intensive care unit; SCN, special care nursery.