Table 4

Number of studies investigating the association between postdiagnosis foods and mortality/cancer recurrence in different populations of cancer survivors

Cancer site/typeFruit and vegetablesGrain foodsProtein foodsDairy and alternativesOils and spreads
Studies (n)CROMCSMDOStudies (n)CROMCSMDOStudies (n)CROMCSMDOStudies (n)CROMCSMDOStudies (n)CROMCSMDO
Bladder00000
Bowel0012221220
Breast416410415613352111
Cervix00000
HL00000
Kidney00000
Larynx00000
MM00000
NHL00000
Prostate000130
Testes00000
Uterus00000
  • The number of studies does not correspond with the number of outcomes as some studies investigate multiple outcomes and several food items in the same population.

  • CR, cancer recurrence; CSM, cancer-specific mortality; DO, death from other causes than cancer; HL, Hodgkin’s lymphoma; MM, malignant melanoma; NHL, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma; OM, overall mortality.