Table 3

Probits (and 95% CIs) from multilevel probit regression models of premature mortality: DLHS-3 

Model 1Model 2Model 3Model 4
Fixed part
Intercept −1.60 (1.67 to –1.53) −1.59 (1.66 to –1.52) −1.59 ( 1.66 to –1.52) −1.59 (1.66 to –1.52)
Household illiteracy rate (ref: none illiterate)
Some members are illiterate 0.10 (0.04 to 0.15) 0.10 (0.04 to 0.15) 0.09 (0.04 to 0.15) 0.10 (0.05 to 0.15)
All members are illiterate 0.17 (0.05 to 0.29) 0.16 (0.04 to 0.28) 0.19 (0.08 to 0.30) 0.22 (0.11 to 0.32)
Wealth tertiles (ref: poorest tertile)
Middle wealth tertile −0.11 (0.16 to –0.06) −0.11 (0.16 to –0.06) −0.11 (0.16 to –0.06) −0.11 (0.16 to –0.06)
Richest tertile −0.25 (0.32 to –0.19) −0.25 (0.32 to –0.19) −0.25 (0.31 to –0.19) −0.25 (0.31 to –0.19)
Region (ref: North)
East −0.15 (0.23 to –0.06) −0.15 (0.24 to –0.07) −0.15 (0.23 to –0.06) −0.15 (0.24 to –0.07)
West −0.11 (0.19 to –0.03) −0.11 (0.19 to –0.03) −0.11 (0.19 to –0.03) −0.11 (0.19 to –0.03)
South −0.23 (0.31 to –0.15) −0.23 (0.31 to –0.14) −0.23 (0.31 to –0.14) −0.23 (0.31 to –0.15)
Religion (ref: Hindu)
Muslim0.02 (0.04 to 0.08)0.02 (0.04 to 0.09)0.02 (0.04 to 0.09) 0.02 (0.04 to 0.09)
Other religion0.03 (0.06 to 0.12)0.03 (0.06 to 0.12)0.03 (0.06 to 0.12) 0.03 (0.06 to 0.12)
Caste (ref: other caste hh)
SC/ST caste hh 0.11 (0.05 to 0.17) 0.11 (0.05 to 0.17) 0.11 (0.05 to 0.17) 0.11 (0.05 to 0.17)
Other backward caste hh0.05 (0.01 to 0.10)0.04 (0.01 to 0.10)0.04 (0.01 to 0.10) 0.05 (0.01 to 0.10)
Missing/DK caste hh−0.05 (0.22 to 0.13)−0.05 (0.23 to 0.13)−0.05 (0.23 to 0.12) −0.05 (0.23 to 0.13)
Access to private healthcare (ref: yes)
Usually go to government clinic when ill0.01 (0.03 to 0.06)0.01 (0.03 to 0.06)0.01 (0.03 to 0.06) 0.01 (0.03 to 0.06)
Number of people in the hh 0.01 (0.003 to 0.02) 0.01 (0.003 to 0.02) 0.01 (0.003 to 0.02) 0.01 (0.003 to 0.02)
% of pop who are SC/ST (district level) 0.004 (0.0003 to 0.01) 0.004 (0.0001 to 0.01) 0.004 (0.0001 to 0.01) 0.004 (0.00003 to 0.008)
Population per 100 000 (district level)0.0001 (0.002 to 0.002)0.0001 (0.002 to 0.002)0.00003 (0.002 to 0.002) 0.00004 (0.002 to 0.002)
Illiteracy rate (district level)0.63 (0.07 to 1.34)0.24 (0.81 to 1.29) 0.73 (0.17 to 1.29) 0.84 (0.28 to 1.41)
Interaction of illiteracy rate (district level) and illiteracy rate (hh)
Illiteracy rate*Some illiterate0.14 (0.77 to 1.06)
Illiteracy rate*All illiterate1.89 (0.24 to 4.01)
Unadjusted isolation index (district level)0.02 (0.04 to 0.07)
Interaction of unadjusted isolation index and (district level) and illiteracy rate (hh)
Unadjusted isolation index*Some illiterate0.02 (0.03 to 0.07)
Unadjusted isolation index*All illiterate 0.13 (0.02 to 0.23)
Adjusted isolation index corrected (district level)−0.004 (0.04 to 0.03)
Interaction of adjusted isolation index adjusted and (district level) and illiteracy rate (hh)
Adjusted isolation index*Some illiterate0.03 (0.01 to 0.07)
Adjusted isolation index*All illiterate 0.10 (0.01 to 0.19)
Dissimilarity index (district level) −0.01 (0.04 to 0.03)
Interaction of dissimilarity index and (district level) and illiteracy rate (hh)
Dissimilarity index*Some illiterate 0.03 (0.02 to 0.07)
Dissimilarity index*All illiterate 0.11 (0.0005 to 0.22)
Random part
District variance (n=59)0.013 (0.014)0.013 (0.014)0.013 (0.014) 0.013 (0.014)
PSU variance (n=1876)0.038 (0.017)0.037 (0.017)0.036 (0.017) 0.036 (0.017)
Household extra binomial variance (n=39 427)0.934 (0.007)0.934 (0.007)0.935 (0.007) 0.936 (0.007)
  • Statistically significant (P<0.05) probit coefficients are shown in bold.

  • DK, don’t know; DLHS-3, third District Level Household Survey; hh, household; PSU, primary sampling unit; SC, scheduled caste; ST, scheduled tribe.