Table 6

Diagnostic features of young people completing full fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) assessment

Total completing FASD assessment (N=99), n (%)Diagnosed with FASD
N=36, n (%)
Not diagnosed with FASD
N=63, n (%)
Neurodevelopmental domains impaired*
 Academic achievement61 (62)31 (86)30 (48)
 Attention54 (55)26 (72)28 (44)
 Executive function53 (54)28 (78)25 (40)
 Language45 (45)25 (69)20 (32)
 Memory38 (38)20 (56)18 (29)
 Motor skills29 (29)18 (50)11 (17)
 Cognition21 (21)13 (36)8 (13)
 Communication†6 (6)4 (11)2 (3)
 Brain structure/neurology1 (1) 01 (2)
Number of sentinel facial features
 073 (74)21 (58)52 (83)
 114 (14)9 (25)5 (8)
 212 (12)6 (17)6 (9)
 30 0 0
  • *Domains according to the Australian Guide to the Diagnosis of FASD, excluding affect regulation.27

  • †Twenty-nine young people with FASD and 52 without FASD did not have this domain assessed.